if**    A'-fc-ufe

613    <. ■—7 u v__^

''J7-Hea 1 tliward Ho!

How to keep Healthy and Happy

Grades I. and II.

A Health Reader for Young Folk

Prepared in Collaboration with

Department of Public Instruction and

Published by

Queensland Health Education Council, Exhibition Grounds, Gregory Terrace, Brisbane.

Copyright applied for—all rights reserved.

Registered nt the General Post Office. Brisbane, for transmission by Post as a Book.

Foreword

“Just as the twig is bent, the tree’s inclined.”Pope.

This little book has been written to interest young children in good health habits. By reading it again and again, as they do their other school primers, they will have the opportunity to learn these good

habits at the early age when habits are most easily formed and most deeply implanted.    .

The book has been written also to assist parents and teachers, whose good care, wise influence and guidance help young children to grow into straight and healthy young men and women.


Contents


Preface . . . . . .

Page.

2

Contents . . . .

3

What is Dirt? . . . .

4

Keeping Clean . . . .

6

The Shiny New Engine . .

8

How Pam Got Germs . .

10

When You Need the Doctor

12

Sunny Sue and Silly Sam

14

Silly Billy with Sweets . .

16

Foods to Make You Grow

18

Tooth Brushes . . . .

20

How to Brush Your Teeth

22

A Day at the Sea . .

24

Five Little Bad Germs . .

27

Training to be Fit . .

28

Jane's Accident . . . .

30

Other Things That Will Hurt

You

32

Hobbies . . . . . .

34

A Visitor at School . .

35

To Cross a Street . .

37

Ten Things We Must Never Do . .

38

Ten Good Rules for Health

39

Shy Beth . . . . . .

40

Good Manners . . . .

42

A Walk in the Bush . .

44

The Sims' House . .

46

A Health Quiz . . . .

48

1. Tommy was playing with his cat, which had just washed herself all over, and now looked nice and clean.

2. "Tommy," called Daddy, "dinner is ready. Come and wash your hands."

3. "Daddy, why do I have to wash my hands? Pussy is nice and clean and has washed herself all over. I cannot see dirt on my hands."

4. "Well, Tommy, there are two kinds of dirt. There is the dirt which makes your hands black, and soils your clothes. There is another kind of dirt which is even worse, because it is full of germs.

5. "Germs are small living things and most of them cause disease. They are everywhere and they carry sickness from one person to another. When you have a cold you have many germs. Every time you cough and sneeze, you spray germs around you.

6. "Germs also live in rotting food and in many kinds of dirt. Because animals live amongst this dirt, they will nearly always have these germs on them.

7. "Animals may not have 'dirty' dirt on them, but they nearly always have 'germy' dirt, so you must wash your hands after playing with them. Do not kiss your pets or take them to bed with you.

8. " 'Germy' dirt, as well as 'dirty' dirt, is found in the lavatory too, so you must wash your hands after you go to the lavatory."

9. After this, Tommy always washed his hands after going to the lavatory and before he had his meals. He used plenty of soap to be sure that he washed the germs away.

KEEPING CLEAN.

1.    Miss Wilson was very pleased with her class.

2.    They all looked so fresh and clean.

3.    The girls all had clean dresses, and the boys all had clean shirts.

4.    "I can see that your mothers all like to send you to school looking fresh and clean/' said Miss Wilson. "It is important to have clean clothes on top. It is even more important to have clean clothes next to your skin."

5.    "Do you mean under-clothes, Miss Wilson?" asked Mary.

6.    "Yes, Mary," said Miss Wilson. "Under

clothes get dirty just as quickly as your dresses and shirts.    •

7.    "They may not look very dirty, but they have 'germy' dirt on them. This comes out of your body when you sweat.

8.    "If you keep wearing the same under-clothes every day, the 'germy' dirt and the sweat give them a horrid smell. Your skin has a horrid smell too.

9. "You must have a bath every day, to wash off all the sweat and the 'germy' dirt as well as the 'dirty' dirt, and put on clean under-clothes every day."

1.    Once there was a shiny new engine.

2.    It was very proud of itself and made such a puffing noise, as it went along the line saying,

•    "Choo, choo, choo, choo!

I am strong, I am new."

3.    The driver kept it on the railway tracks and the fireman fed it with coal, to make the steam that sends it along.

4.    While it had plenty of water and plenty of good coal, it kept working and singing as it went along,

"Choo-choo! choo-choo!

I am strong, I am new."

5.    One day, a lazy fireman went on the bright shiny engine and he didn't give it enough good coal; nor did he empty the ash box. When coal burns, it leaves ashes which must be taken away.

6.    The shiny engine wanted more good coal to make it strong and so able to do its work. It wanted its ash to be taken away too.

7.    It called to the fireman,

"Choo-choo! choo-choo!

More coal! This won't do."

8.    Still the lazy fireman didn't give it good coal, or empty its ash.

9.    The shiny engine began to find it harder to pull its load.

10.    At last, it felt so weak, it had to stop.

1 1. Boys and girls, and grown-ups too, are like the shiny engine. If they don't eat the kind of food they need, they get weak and sick and are not able to do their work either.

12. Eat three good meals each day and don't throw away your lunch at school. Go to the lavatory every day and get rid of the ash. If you do these things, your body will be like the shiny new engine that cried out,

"Choo, choo, choo, choo!

I am strong, I am new."

HOW PAM GOT GERMS.

1.    It was a cloudy day. It looked as if it might rain later.

2.    Pam enjoyed a rainy day and ran off to school in such a hurry that she forgot her handkerchief. When she was at school, she had to borrow one from Joan.

3.    Joan had a cold, so there were "germy" germs on her handkerchief.

4.    It rained during the day, and, on her way home, Pam did not wear her coat, so she got her clothes wet. She did not hurry home but she played in the puddles and got her feet wet too.

5.    Then she began to feel cold and to shiver.

6.    The "germy" germs from Joan's handkerchief said "Now is the time to give Pam a cold."

7.    The next day Pam had a very bad cold. Her mother had to keep her home from school. She was too sick to get out of bed.

8.    Do not borrow a handkerchief. If you get wet, go straight home, dry yourself well, get into dry clothes and keep warm.

9.    When you have "germy" germs, do not cough or sneeze over anyone.

WHEN YOU NEED THE DOCTOR.

1.    Miss Watson was calling the roll.

2.    "I know Jill Perkins is not here to-day/' said Miss Watson. "She has a sore throat. Her mother has kept her at home, and called the doctor.

3.    "It is right to stay home when you have a sore throat. It means 'germy' germs have got into your throat. They may make you very sick."

4.    "Mother called the doctor when I had a rash," said Len.

5.    "That was wise," said Miss Watson. "A rash means you may have a sickness which other children can catch."

6.    "Mother took me to the doctor when I had a sore on my face," said Warren.

7.    "We should always go and see the kind doctor when we have sores or itchy heads," said Miss Watson.

8.    "Now here is a question for you. When do we see the doctor, although we are not sick?"

9.    Jill knew the answer to that.

10.    "When we get an injection against tetanus," she said.

11. "Good girl," said Miss Watson. "Tetanus is a bad sickness which you can get if 'germy' germs get into a cut or scratch. If you have had an injection against tetanus, you do not get sick. That is why every boy and girl should have an injection against tetanus."

What to do.

See the doctor when you have sores or an itchy

head.

Stay home in bed and let Mother call the doctor when you have a rash or sore throat, or feel sick.

Ask Mother to take you to the doctor for an injection against tetanus.

SUNNY SUE AND SILLY SAM.

1. Here is a picture of Sunny Sue.

3.    Sunny Sue liked to bring Winky his milk and watch him drink it. Lap, lap, lap, went his pink tongue, till all the milk was gone.

4.    Winky liked milk. It made his coat smooth and shiny. It made his eyes bright.

5.    Sunny Sue liked milk too. It helped her to grow well and strong. It made her cheeks rosy. It made her teeth white, and her eyes bright.

6.    "Milk is the best food of all," said Sunny Sue.

7.    Here is a picture of Silly Sam.

8.    He did not drink the lovely milk that Mother gave him.

9.    Silly Sam was not well and strong like Sunny Sue. His cheeks were pale. His teeth were not white, and they had holes in them.

10.    He was a silly boy not to drink his milk.

11.    Would you rather be like Sunny Sue or Silly

Sam?

12.    If you would like to be like Sunny Sue, drink milk with every meal. Milk is the best food of all.

SILLY BILLY WITH SWEETS.

1.    Morning school was over.

2.    "Ding-a-ling, ding-a-ling! Time for lunch, time for lunch!" went the bell.

3.    Out went the children, then they ran to the taps to wash their hands with soap before they started lunch.

4.    Billy Jones beqan to eat some sweets he had bought on his way to school. He had some for little lunch too.

5.    "I don't want any lunch," he said to himself. He took a bite of bread and butter and cheese. Then he threw his lunch away.

6.    Just then, Miss Smith came along and saw flies eating Billy's lunch.

7.    "Whose lunch is this?" she asked.

8.    "It is mine, Miss Smith," said Billy.

9.    "What is it doing there?" asked Miss Smith.

10.    "I do not want it," said Billy.

11.    "Well," said Miss Smith, "that is not the place for scraps. All scraps should be put in the bin. Scraps spoil the look of our school. Scraps bring flies, rats and mice and other pests to our school.

12.    "Pick up your lunch, Billy, and put it in the bin. Flies and rats bring germs so that 'dirty' dirt may become 'germy' dirt."

13.    "\'\\ take the lid off the bin, and put it on again, Miss Smith," said Jim King.

14.    "Thank you, Jim," said Miss Smith. "That is something we must be careful to do. We must keep the lid on the bin. Did you have any lunch at all, Billy?" she asked.

15.    "Oh, I had some lollies, Miss Smith," said

Billy.

16.    "Well, Billy," said Miss Smith, "next time, buy fruit and not lollies. Lollies spoil your taste for other food that keeps you strong and well. Lollies get into your teeth and make them ache. Come along, and I'll give you some fruit."


17.    "Thank you very much, Miss Smith," said Billy. "I will eat my lunch every day, and buy fruit instead of lollies."

FOODS TO MAKE YOU GROW.

Pam and Fred were having such fun. They were finding how much they had grown.

Pam stood against a post and Fred marked where the top of her head came.

Then Fred stood beside the post and Pam marked where his head came.

Little Paul watched them.

"I have grown three inches since the last time we marked the post, Mother," said Fred.

"I have grown two inches," said Pam.

"That is because you have been eating foods that make you grow," said Mother.

"What foods are they, Mother?" asked Pam and

Fred.

"They are meat, and eggs, and fish, and cheese, and milk," said Mother. "Those are the foods that make you strong as well as tall."

"I want to grow tall and strong like Pam and Fred," said little Paul.

"So you shall, Paul, because you eat all the foods I give you to make you grow strong and tall," said Mother.

Meat, and eggs, and fish, and cheese, and milk are foods which make you grow. They build strong and healthy bodies for boys and girls. We should eat some of these foods every day.

TOOTH BRUSHES.

1.    Mrs. Sim sent a note with the twins to Miss Smith. She asked if she could take them to the dentist in school time. It was six months since they had been to the dentist.

2.    Mrs. Hall, who lived next door, asked Mrs. Sim if she would take Betty and Peter Hall too. They had never been to a dentist. Betty had cried with the pain in her tooth. She had a hole in it.

3.    After little lunch, Mrs. Sim called at school.

4.    "Thank you for the note," said Miss Smith. "The twins are ready. Here are Betty and Peter Hall also."

5.    Off they went to the dentist. He looked at Pam's teeth. Then he looked at Fred's teeth.

6.    "They have strong, clean teeth, without holes in

them, Mrs. Sim," said the dentist. "I do not need to do anything to them. You must have given them good meals with plenty of milk, to make such good teeth grow.    .

7.    "Did you brush your teeth before you came to me, Fred?" asked the dentist.

8.    "No, not since breakfast," said Fred, "but I had some fresh fruit for little lunch."

9. "So did I," said Pam.


10. "Ah, that is why your teeth are so clean," said the dentist. "Fresh fruit is almost as good as a tooth brush."

1 1. "That is why Mother gives us fresh fruit, and not bread or cake for little lunch," said Pam, with a bright smile.


12. Betty and Peter did not smile. They had cake and lollies for little lunch and felt that some was still around their teeth.

13. "Has Mother given you an apple to eat at the end of lunch?" asked the dentist.

14. "Yes," said Pam.

15.    "Good," said the dentist, "an apple is almost as good as a tooth brush; but if you can't have fresh fruit, chew raw carrot or raw lettuce or raw cabbage. Always clean your teeth after eating, and before you go to bed."


16.    After breakfast, use your

tooth brush.

After lunch, eat raw fruit or vegetable.

After dinner, use your tooth brush.

Before bed, use your tooth brush.

Brush your teeth the way they grow.

HOW TO BRUSH YOUR TEETH.


This is the way to brush your teeth, so that you clean away all the soft foods:






Start at the gums. Push in and brush towards the tips. First the top, then the bottom, inside as well as outside, and then the crowns of the teeth.

It is not the toothpaste that cleans your teeth. It is the brushing. Brush each tooth at least four times.


TOOTHBRUSHES TO USE AT SCHOOL.


Do not forget what toothbrushes to use at school. Finish your meal with apple, raw carrot, raw cabbage or lettuce.


WATER IS A TOOTHBRUSH TOO.


Always rinse your mouth. Fill your mouth with water. Close it, then blow and blow and blow out your cheeks with it. That is the way water can clean away the soft foods


THESE ARE THE FOODS THAT GROW STRONG TEETH

Apples, dried fruit, nuts, raw carrot, wholewheat bread, meat, cheese, and MILK.

THESE ARE THE FOODS THAT HURT YOUR TEETH.

Lollies, biscuits, and cakes. After you eat these, brush your teeth.

/

A DAY AT THE SEA.

1.    "Are you ready, Mother?" called out Mr. Black, as he packed the car.

2.    Jean and Jack Black, with their mates, Ann and Ted Snow, were in the back seat, all ready for a day at the sea.

3.    "I am ready now," said Mother, and off they set.

4.    In no time, they were out of the car, and were running on the beach.

5.    Soon they were ready for a dip in the sea. Jean put a singlet on to keep the sun from burning her fair skin. Splash, splash, splash! What fun they had in the sea!

6.    They did not go in very far. The sea was too deep. They played and splashed quite close to the beach, where it was safe.

7.    They chased the waves which came up on the beach.

8.    "Time to come out," said Father. "You will be able to play in the pools among the rocks." Off they raced at once.

9.    "Come back, Jean and Jack. Come back, Ann and Ted. Get dressed now and put your hats on."

10. "Why, Dad?" asked Jack.

1 1. "Well," said Mr. Black, "some of your skin is not used to the hot sun. If you have too much sun on that part of your skin all at once, your skin will get burnt. It will be sore and you will be sick."

12. On went their clothes, then off to the pools they ran. They had a happy time, playing on the beach.

13.    Before sandflies and mosquitoes came about, Mrs. Black put some lotion on the children. It kept the insects away.

14.    After a happy day, they all set off for home. They had no sunburn or itchy bites to worry them.

1 5. Always take care, when you go out in the sun, to wear your hats and something to keep your skin from getting burnt. When you go for a swim, do not go too far out where the water is deep.

16. Do not scratch mosquito or sandfly bites. "Germy" dirt will get into them. Ask mother to put ointment on the bites.

Two little bad germs laughed with glee,

For Meg sneezed into the air and made them three.

Three little bad germs waiting for more,

One from a dirty bin, made them four.

Four little bad germs very much alive,

A fly brought another one and that made five.

Five little bad germs in a sad fix,

Fresh air and sunshine stopped them making six.

"Shoo!" said Fresh Air. "Run!" said Mr. Sun.

"Off you go!" said the Soap.

And then there were none.

1.    After school, Pam and Fred Sim played in the garden with their pet dog, Mitzi.

2.    Run and jump, run and jump, was a happy game they had with Mitzi.

3.    "That's a good game," called out Bob Brown, as he came into the garden.

4.    "Hullo, Bob," called out Pam and Fred, as they ran to meet him. "We saw you running over the hill this morning."

5.    "I am training myself," said Bob. "I must be fit for the football match."

6.    "Bob, I'd like to play football. I'd like to grow big and strong like you," said Fred.

7.    "Well, you can," said Bob. "Play your games in the sun and fresh air. Then have a rest when you are tired. Games, sun, fresh air, and plenty of rest help to make you fit.

8.    "School bags that you carry on your back are better than ports that you carry in your hand. They will help you grow straight and tall."

9.    "Teacher told us always to sit, stand,and walk tall," said Fred.

10.    When Father came home the twins told him what Bob had said.

11.    "Bob told you some very wise things," said Father. "Now it is time for bed.

12.    "Early to bed will help keep you fit and well."

13.    "I want to play football too, when I grow up," said Fred. "I shall drink my milk and eat the right kinds of food and get plenty of rest, because I want to grow big and strong.

14.    "Good-night, Mother. Good-night, Father," said Pam and Fred.

15.    "Good-night, Pam. Good-night, Fred," said Mother and Father.

JANE'S ACCIDENT.

1.    Jane was running across the play-ground. Doris was chasing her. They were having a good game. Jane kept looking behind her to see if Doris was getting nearer. She was not looking where she was running.

2.    She put her foot on a loose stone, and bang! down she went on the play-ground.

3.    "Oh-oh! I have cut my knee," said Jane.

4.    "Let me see," said Doris. "Oh, yes. I shall help you up to see Miss Webb."

5.    The two girls found Miss Webb in the Teachers' Room, and she took Jane inside. She washed her knee with soap and water and put a bandage on it.

6.    "Soap and water is best of all for a cut or a scratch," said Miss Webb. "Your knee will soon be all right, Jane dear; but you must be more careful when you are playing."

7. "Yes, I will, Miss Webb," said Jane.

8.    Look where you are going when you run in the play-ground, and do not go too near where the boys are playing with balls. You may be hit by a ball.

9.    When anyone gets hurt in the play-ground, always tell a teacher, who will know what to do.

10.    If you get hurt at home, tell Mother or Father.

OTHER THINGS THAT WILL HURT YOU.

1.    "There are other ways of hurting yourself, besides falling over in the play-ground or being hit by a ball," said Miss Webb.

2.    "You can hurt your eyes by lolling over your desk with your book close to your eyes. You should sit tall, have a good light and hold your book at a good distance from your eyes.

3.    "If you have to hold your book close to your eyes, ask Mother to take you to have your eyes tested.

4.    "Do not put your finger or a pencil or any sharp object in your ear. You may spoil your good hearing.

5.    "If your nose or your ear feels itchy, and keeps on feeling itchy for more than a day, ask Mother to take you to a doctor.

6.    "Do not put a finger, or a pencil, or anything else like that in your ear, in your nose, or in your mouth."

HOBBIES.

Fred Sim had a hobby. He made boats.

When he made a boat, he took it down to the creek to sail it. Fred was very careful when he was sailing his boat.

He sailed it only in places where he could wade.

He had a string on his boat, so that it would not sail away into the deep parts of the creek.

Fred did not go for a swim in the creek, unless Dad or Uncle or his big cousin, Jack, went with him. Fred could swim, but he never went alone. He always waited until an older person could go with him.

Fred had another hobby with his father. They went fishing in a boat.

He sat still while father rowed the boat. He did not stand up. He did not want the boat to tip over.


A VISITOR AT SCHOOL.

1.    When the children went into school one morning, there was a policeman speaking to Miss Henry.

2.    "Good morning, children," she said. "This is our policeman. He is our good friend and he has come to talk to you."

3.    "Good morning, children," said the policeman, with a big smile. "I want to tell you what I saw this morning. A boy nearly had an accident."

4.    "Tell them what you saw, please," said Miss Henry.

5.    "Well," said the policeman, "this boy began to cross the street without looking. He had forgotten his curb drill.

6.    "Screech! Screech! went the tyres of a truck. If the driver hadn't been quick, there would have been a very bad accident.

7.    "That boy even forgot to cross between the white lines. This is the place to cross because drivers drive carefully when they see white lines.

8.    "Miss Henry wrote something on the board for me. Let us all read it. I want you to know it."

9.    Then the class read:—

To Cross a Street.

Before I walk across a street,

I stand quite still upon my feet.

And then I listen hard to hear If cars or trucks are coming near.

With care I use my gift of sight By looking right, then left, then right;

And when I'm sure there is no risk,

I cross the road with step that's brisk!

10.    "Well done!" said the policeman. "Now there is something else I'd like to tell.

1 1. "When you ride in a tram or bus, do not stand near the door. If you do, a bump may throw you out.

12.    "When you get out of a tram or bus, never, never run in front of it or behind it. Always step on to the footpath and wait.

13.    "Something else!" said the policeman. "Never chase your ball out on the road. You may run into a car you did not see, and oh! you will have an accident.

14.    "Roads are for cars, buses, trucks and trams. Footpaths are for you. Keep to the footpaths. Then you will be safe."

TO CROSS A STREET.

/



I look to the right,

I look to the left,

I look to the right,

And then I cross straight over.


TEN THINGS WE MUST NEVER DO.

1.    Never taste things which you find in bottles around the house.

2.    Never play with matches. They can give you a bad burn.

3.    Never go near the kettle or saucepan boiling on the stove.

4.    Never go near petrol. It can cause a bad fire if it catches alight.

5.    Never go too near a fire in the yard. Your clothes may catch alight.

6.    Never touch the plug on the end of Mother's ironing cord.

7.    Never touch an electric light switch when your hands are wet.

8.    Never climb on shaky buildings or rusty tin roofs, or roofs where there are electric wires.

9.    Never climb trees unless there are places where you can put your feet.

10.    Never put your fingers or hands into holes in tins or bits of metal.

TEN GOOD RULES FOR HEALTH.

1. Cover cuts and sores and keep them clean.


2.    Always cover coughs and sneezes.

3.    Do not let yourself become too cold or too hot. Keep clothing dry.


4. Always use your own handkerchief, cup, toothbrush, washer, towel, brush and comb.


5. Stay at home when you're sick

6. Wash hands before eating and after coming from the lavatory.

7. Rest when you're tired.


8. Keep fingers, pencils, and other objects away from your mouth, nose and ears. ^


9. Don't eat food soiled by flies or dust.

10. Have injections to keep free from diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, small pox.

SHY BETH.

1.    "Why don't you play games with the other girls, Beth?" said Miss Gray. "Games help to keep you strong and well and happy."

2.    Beth was shy. Miss Gray was sad to see that the other girls left Beth sitting by herself.

3.    She went to them. "Why do you not get Beth to play with you?" she asked.

4.    "Oh, Miss Gray," said Jean, "she is too slow. She does not know how to play."

5.    "Beth is not slow. She is shy and she could play if you girls helped her," said Miss Gray. "Do you know what I saw a short time ago? You all saw it too."

6.    "What was it, Miss Gray?" asked Nell.

7.    "Well, Grace dropped her lunch in the dirt, and she was not able to eat any of it. Who was the little girl who gave her some lunch? You all know," said Miss Gray. "It was Beth."

8.    Then the girls knew that they had not been kind to Beth. It was Beth who was the kind girl.

9.    "Oh, Miss Gray! Now we know we have not been kind to Beth," said Nell.

10.    "We shall teach her to play," said Grace.

1 1. "We shall not mind if she is slow," said Jean.

12.    Miss Gray was glad to see that at last, she had a class with every girl in it happy at play.

13.    Think of others. Ask shy children to play with you. Then you will all be happy at play.

GOOD MANNERS.

To meet a little girl or boy Who has good manners, is a joy.

That's why I don't forget to say My "please" and "thank you" every day.

When at the table I sit straight,

And do not drop things from my plate. And, of course I know it's rude To stuff my mouth too full of food.

In tram or bus, I give my seat To older people on their feet,

And if I get in someone's way,

"Excuse me please," I always say.

To be polite, we all must learn To wait to speak till it's our turn,

And to understand it's bad To interrupt our Mum or Dad.

I'll be good-mannered every day,

For people like me best that way.

If you want others to like you,

Then see that you're good-mannered too.

A WALK IN THE BUSH.

Pam and Fred Sim were having a holiday with their Aunt May and Uncle Bert. Aunt May and Uncle Bert had a farm.

One day Uncle Bert took the children for a walk in the bush.

The grass was long, and some old fallen trees were lying about.

"Be careful, Pam and Fred," said Uncle Bert. "There may be snakes about, so tramp, tramp, tramp, with your feet. Walk with a tramp when you walk through long grass. Then the snakes will get out of your way.

"Do not jump over fallen trees, without looking first. Snakes lie close to old timber and stones.

"Do not put your hands or feet in hollow trees, or in holes in the ground. Snakes may be hiding there."

Pam and Fred did as Uncle Bert told them. They walked with a tramp, tramp, tramp, through long grass.

"The bite of a poisonous snake usually leaves two marks like dots but there may be one, two, three or four dots."

Uncle Bert drew the dots for the children with a stick in a little patch of dirt.

"Which are the poisonous snakes, Uncle Bert?" asked Pam.

"Well," said Uncle Bert, "there is the death adder, the tiger snake, the brown snake, and the black snake.

"In case there are snakes, you should wear thick boots and loose thick clothing whenever you are walking in the bush. Then, if a snake should bite you, it will bite into your boots or your clothing."

THE SIM'S HOUSE.

The Sims had such a pretty little house. Inside, it was very neat and clean.

Mrs. Sim wrapped all food scraps and crumbs in paper and put them in the bin. She always kept the lid on the bin, so that flies could not breed and feed.

After each meal, Pam and Fred helped to wipe the dishes. Then they put them away where flies and dust could not get on them.

Mrs. Sim wiped the stove, sink, and work benches clean with warm water and soap, so that cock-roaches could not find anything to eat.

She never left scraps of food or crumbs around. She stored the food in cupboards, away from flies and dust.

Mr. Sim kept the yard just as neat and tidy. He kept the lawn cut, so that no long grass could hide rubbish and pools of water.

There were no pools or old tins holding water in which mosquitoes would breed.

There was no rubbish lying about to feed and breed flies.

There were no piles of boxes lying around where rats could hide.

The Sims kept some fowls. "Cluck, cluck," went the fowls. "Cheep, cheep," went the chicks. "Our yard is clean and tidy too."

Homes which are clean and tidy and yards which are neat and clean keep away pests which carry germs that make us sick.

A HEALTH QUIZ.

When should you always wash your hands with soap? What is the best food of all?

Why should you take care not to get too much strong sun?

Why are lollies not good for you?

What things chase germs?

How should you sit and stand and walk to keep fit? What other ways are there to keep fit?

What are the body-building foods?

How can we keep away pests which spread germs? What do you do before you cross the road?

How are germs spread?

How do you cover a cough or sneeze?

When should you see the doctor?

What things do you use to clean your teeth?

What are the foods that grow strong teeth?

Why should you wear clean under-clothes?

What are some ways to show good manners?