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The value of work in younger and older adults' lives: an Australian perspective

Webber, Lynne and Smith, Kaye 2005, The value of work in younger and older adults' lives: an Australian perspectiveAssessment and promotion of work ability, health and well-being of ageing workers, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp.415-420.

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Title The value of work in younger and older adults' lives: an Australian perspective
Author(s) Webber, Lynne
Smith, Kaye
Title of book Assessment and promotion of work ability, health and well-being of ageing workers
Publication date 2005
Series International congress series ; no. 1280
Chapter number 78
Total chapters 79
Start page 415
End page 420
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Summary In the present study we examined the perceived role of work in the lives of younger and older adults in three different occupations: teaching, nursing, and small business. On the basis of lifespan developmental theory of changes in work-related values across the lifespan we expected that (1) older adults would rate their job satisfaction and organisational commitment more highly than younger adults, and (2) younger adults would rate the importance of work more highly than older workers. Based on utility theory we expected that nurses and teachers would view early retirement more positively than small business employees because of early retirement incentives in these two careers. One-hundred-sixty-two participants completed a 118-item survey. Overall few age differences were found between older and younger workers. On average, all participants rated work as moderately important and their job satisfaction as moderately high. Nonetheless, older participants rated their job satisfaction higher than younger participants. On average, all groups believed they would retire before 65 years of age. The latter finding is important for workability theory and raises issues about how to change attitudes, perceptions and values about working past traditional retirement ages.
ISBN 0444519890
9780444519894
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category B1 Book chapter
Copyright notice ©2005, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30000829

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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