Grew out of a workshop held Oct. 2-3, 2003, Copenhagen. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Introduction The Role of Fieldwork in the Research Process -- 2. Discovery, Research (Re)design, and Theory Building -- 3. Fieldwork as Coping and Learning -- 4. Field Sites, Research Design, and Type of Findings Official China and Beyond -- 5. In the Footsteps of the Communist Party: Dilemmas and Strategies -- 6. `An Open Lhasa Welcomes You': Disciplining the Researcher in Tibet -- 7. Beyond Official Chinese: Language Codes and Strategies Data Collection -- 8. Surveys - Three Ways to Obtain Household Income Data -- 9. Interviewing Chinese People: From High-level Officials to the Unemployed -- 10. Consultancy: A Different Gate to the Field -- 11. Approaching the Field through Written Sources Insiders and Outsiders -- 12. Bu Wei: Looking for `the Insider's Perspective': Human Trafficking in Sichuan -- 13. The Significance of Benevolence and Wisdom - Reflections on Field Positionality -- 14. In the `Field' Together: Potentials and Pitfalls in Collaborative Research -- 15. Ethical Dilemmas: Balancing Distance with Involvement.