Over time, the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 and its later amendments were remarkably successful in excluding 'coloured' immigrants from Australia. It is clear, however, that although most Australians wanted to preserve the 'white' and British character of their nation, the argument that 'non-white' and non-British immigrants were more suited to the settlement of northern Australia was frequently debated in the early decades of the twentieth century. While this idea continued to challenge the validity of a 'white Australia' in the north, public figures were divided on the issue. This article examines in some detail the contemporary debates over the peopling of the Northern Territory in the inter-war years.
Field of Research
210303 Australian History (excl Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
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