Dietary restraint and negative affect as mediators of body dissatisfaction and bulimic behavior in adolescent girls and boys

Ricciardelli, Lina and McCabe, Marita 2001, Dietary restraint and negative affect as mediators of body dissatisfaction and bulimic behavior in adolescent girls and boys, Behaviour research and therapy, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1317-1328.

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Title Dietary restraint and negative affect as mediators of body dissatisfaction and bulimic behavior in adolescent girls and boys
Author(s) Ricciardelli, Lina
McCabe, Marita
Journal name Behaviour research and therapy
Volume number 39
Issue number 11
Start page 1317
End page 1328
Publisher Pergamon, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2001-11
ISSN 0005-7967
Keyword(s) bulimic behaviour
adolescent boys
adolescent girls
dietary restraint
negative effect
body dissatisfaction
Summary Stice's dual pathway model of dietary restraint and negative affect was examined in both adolescent girls and boys. Self-report measures assessing body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, negative affect and bulimic behavior were administered to 267 girls and 199 boys aged between 12 and 16 years. The findings for the girls were consistent with Stice's model, in that they indicated that both dietary restraint and negative affect mediated the relationship between body dissatisfaction and bulimic behavior. For the boys who desired a thinner body size, only negative affect was found to mediate the relationship between body dissatisfaction and bulimic behavior. On the other hand, for boys who desired a larger body size, both body dissatisfaction and dietary restraint were found to exert an independent effect on bulimic behavior. As boys can aspire to two contrasting and seemingly opposite body size ideals, the findings highlight that the relationship between body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, negative affect and bulimic behavior are more complex in males than in females. Further research using longitudinal designs is needed in order to test the directional and bidirectional nature of the observed interrelationships.
Notes Available online 7 September 2001.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001162

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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