Body image, strategies to change muscles and weight, and puberty. Do they impact on positive and negative affect among adolescent boys and girls?

McCabe, Marita, Ricciardelli, Lina and Banfield, Sophie 2001, Body image, strategies to change muscles and weight, and puberty. Do they impact on positive and negative affect among adolescent boys and girls?, Eating behaviors, vol. 2, no. 2, Summer, pp. 129-149.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Body image, strategies to change muscles and weight, and puberty. Do they impact on positive and negative affect among adolescent boys and girls?
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, Lina
Banfield, Sophie
Journal name Eating behaviors
Volume number 2
Issue number 2
Season Summer
Start page 129
End page 149
Publisher Elsevier Science B V
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2001
ISSN 1471-0153
1873-7358
Summary The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of strategies to both decrease weight and increase muscle tone on negative (depression, anxiety) and positive affect among adolescent males and females. The respondents were 1185 adolescents (587 males, 598 females) who were enrolled in grades 7 and 9 (mean age for MALES=13.22 years; mean age for FEMALES=13.21 years). Respondents completed the Body Image and Body Change Inventory that assessed body image satisfaction, body image importance, body change strategies to decrease weight, body change strategies to increase muscle tone, and food supplements. Respondents also completed the Pubertal Development Scale, the depression and anxiety scales of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, and the positive affect items from the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. Structural equation modelling was used to determine how body satisfaction and importance, body change strategies, and puberty impacted on depression, anxiety, and positive affect. The results demonstrated that for both boys and girls, there was a strong association between body change strategies and negative affect. For boys, body dissatisfaction did not predict negative affect, although this was a strong predictor for girls. Body change strategies did not strongly predict positive affect for either boys or girls, although body image satisfaction was a strong predictor for both genders. The implications of these findings for obtaining a better understanding of the role of pubertal development, body image, and body change strategies in predicting positive and negative affect among adolescent males and females are discussed.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001164

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 44 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 715 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 07 Jul 2008, 07:32:21 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.