Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence

Makros, Jenny and McCabe, Marita 2001, Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence, Journal of youth and adolescence, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 623-639.

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Title Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence
Author(s) Makros, Jenny
McCabe, Marita
Journal name Journal of youth and adolescence
Volume number 30
Issue number 5
Start page 623
End page 639
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2001-10
ISSN 0047-2891
1573-6601
Summary By drawing from literature on identity development as well as on self-discrepancy, the present study aimed to investigate variations in the magnitude of self-belief discrepancies among adolescents with different levels of identity development. The respondents consisted of 336 male and female adolescents, from 5 private secondary schools, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M = 15.98, SD = 0.89). Four levels of identity status (Achieved, Moratorium, Foreclosed, and Diffused identity status) were used as the method of identity classification in this study. Four types of self-discrepancies (Actual/Ideal (own), Actual/Ideal (other), Actual/Ought (own), and Actual/Ought (other) self-discrepancy) were also obtained. Multivariate analyses of variance showed that respondents with different identity statuses significantly varied on the magnitude of self-discrepancy experienced. The Foreclosed and Achieved statuses were found to have lower levels of self-belief discrepancy than the Moratorium and Diffused statuses. However, most of the significant differences among the statuses were for the Actual/Ideal (own) and Actual/Ideal (other) self-discrepancies. These results indicate that identity development is related to the magnitude of self-belief discrepancy. However, further research with more developed instruments is needed to explore this relationship more fully.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Plenum Publishing Corporation
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001176

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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