Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence

Makros, Jenny and McCabe, Marita 2001, Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence, Journal of youth and adolescence, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 623-639, doi: 10.1023/A:1010404822585.

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Title Relationships between identity and self-representations during adolescence
Author(s) Makros, Jenny
McCabe, Marita
Journal name Journal of youth and adolescence
Volume number 30
Issue number 5
Start page 623
End page 639
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2001-10
ISSN 0047-2891
Summary By drawing from literature on identity development as well as on self-discrepancy, the present study aimed to investigate variations in the magnitude of self-belief discrepancies among adolescents with different levels of identity development. The respondents consisted of 336 male and female adolescents, from 5 private secondary schools, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M = 15.98, SD = 0.89). Four levels of identity status (Achieved, Moratorium, Foreclosed, and Diffused identity status) were used as the method of identity classification in this study. Four types of self-discrepancies (Actual/Ideal (own), Actual/Ideal (other), Actual/Ought (own), and Actual/Ought (other) self-discrepancy) were also obtained. Multivariate analyses of variance showed that respondents with different identity statuses significantly varied on the magnitude of self-discrepancy experienced. The Foreclosed and Achieved statuses were found to have lower levels of self-belief discrepancy than the Moratorium and Diffused statuses. However, most of the significant differences among the statuses were for the Actual/Ideal (own) and Actual/Ideal (other) self-discrepancies. These results indicate that identity development is related to the magnitude of self-belief discrepancy. However, further research with more developed instruments is needed to explore this relationship more fully.
Language eng
DOI 10.1023/A:1010404822585
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Plenum Publishing Corporation
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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