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Menstrual dysfunction and bone health in female athletes

Bass, Shona and Kerr, Deborah A. 2001, Menstrual dysfunction and bone health in female athletes, International sport medicine journal, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1-8.

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Title Menstrual dysfunction and bone health in female athletes
Author(s) Bass, Shona
Kerr, Deborah A.
Journal name International sport medicine journal
Volume number 1
Issue number 5
Start page 1
End page 8
Publisher International Federation of Sports Medicine
Place of publication Cape Town, South Africa
Publication date 2001
ISSN 1528-3356
Keyword(s) exercise
bone-mineral density
amenorrhea
osteoporosis
Summary Female athletes are generally considered to be at Iow risk of osteoporosis because of the skeletal loading associated with sports participation. Sites that are exposed to long-term high-impact loading are consistently reported to be higher than the same sites in their sedentary peers. However, weight-bearing exercise does not always ensure that athletes will have high bone-mineral density, as the hormonal environment, dietary factors, and loading history all influence bone-mineral density, In particular, menstrual dysfunction, which can occur with intense training or disordered eating, is a significant risk factor for Iow bone-mineral density. Exercise history before menstrual dysfunction is likely to offer some protection for Iow bone-mineral density, particularly at the hip, Resumption of menses is unlikely to restore bone-mineral density to levels reported in eumenorrheic athletes or even sedentary peers, Athletes at risk of amenorrhea should be identified and their training loads and energy intakes monitored to ensure normal menstrual function, Athletes who remain amenorrheic should be counseled about the possible negative effects of amenorrhea and monitored for bone loss. Early intervention is recommended for amenorrheic athletes with Iow bone-mineral density.
Language eng
Field of Research 110306 Endocrinology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, International Federation of Sports Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001194

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health Sciences
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