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Parent, peer and media influences on body image and strategies to both increase and decrease body size among adolescent boys and girls

McCabe, Marita and Ricciardelli, Lina 2001, Parent, peer and media influences on body image and strategies to both increase and decrease body size among adolescent boys and girls, Adolescence, vol. 36, no. 142, Summer, pp. 225-240.

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Title Parent, peer and media influences on body image and strategies to both increase and decrease body size among adolescent boys and girls
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, Lina
Journal name Adolescence
Volume number 36
Issue number 142
Season Summer
Start page 225
End page 240
Publisher Libra Publishers, Inc
Place of publication Roslyn Heights, N.Y.
Publication date 2001
ISSN 0001-8449
Keyword(s) body image
adolescent psychology
social influence
Summary This study investigated the nature of body image and body change strategies, as well as the sociocultural influences on these variables, among a group of 1,266 adolescents (622 males, 644 females). In particular, it investigated weight gain and increased muscle, as well as weight loss. It was found that females were less satisfied with their bodies and were more likely to adopt strategies to lose weight, whereas males were more likely to adopt strategies to increase weight and muscle tone. Respondents with higher body mass index (BMI) evidenced greater body dissatisfaction and more weight loss strategies, but there were no differences between BMI groups in weight gain or strategies to increase muscles. Weight gain and strategies to increase muscles were more likely to be undertaken by older adolescents, but there were no grade level differences in weight loss. Media influences to alter weight, as well as feedback from mother, father, and both male and female peers, were greater for females. There were few grade level or BMI differences in regard to any of the sociocultural influences. The importance of these findings in terms of providing a better understanding of factors which may lead to a disturbed body image and body change disorders, particularly among adolescent boys, is discussed.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Libra Publishers Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001199

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.