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Possible influence of Gondwanan glaciation on low-latitude carbonate sedimentation and trans-equatorial faunal migration: the lower Permian of South China

Shi, Guang Rong 2001, Possible influence of Gondwanan glaciation on low-latitude carbonate sedimentation and trans-equatorial faunal migration: the lower Permian of South China, Geosciences journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 57-63, doi: 10.1007/BF02910173.

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Title Possible influence of Gondwanan glaciation on low-latitude carbonate sedimentation and trans-equatorial faunal migration: the lower Permian of South China
Author(s) Shi, Guang RongORCID iD for Shi, Guang Rong orcid.org/0000-0002-5126-4036
Journal name Geosciences journal
Volume number 5
Issue number 1
Start page 57
End page 63
Publisher Geological Society of Korea
Place of publication Seoul, Korea
Publication date 2001-03
ISSN 1226-4806
1598-7477
Keyword(s) cool-water carbonates
cool-water fauna
Gondwana glaciation
Permian
South China
Summary Peculiar Early Permian palaeontological and sedimentological features are reviewed from South China, including characteristic Early Permian cold-water Gondwanan brachiopod taxa and faunas from Sichuan and Guizhou provinces, widespread rosettes and irregular aggregates of calcite prisms ('Chrysanthemum Stones') within the Qixia limestones, and lack of significant Early Permian reef buildups. The occurrences of these features are at odds with the currently widely held view that South China was located in a palaeotropical, warm-water setting throughout the Permian and hence harboured a highly diverse shallow marine biota. In this paper, I propose a working hypothesis, suggesting that influence of at least cool water masses may have intermittently occurred in South China during the Early Permian, which facilitated the formation of the cool water-influenced palaeontological and sedimentological features and promoted the interchanges of cool to cold water marine faunas between the Gondwanan and Boreal Realms. These cool water masses may have been transported to low-latitude regions as deep currents from northern and eastern shelves of Gondwanaland and upwelled along the western coast of South China as well as within the relatively deep-water basins of central South China. Prevalence of these meridional, north-directed deep cold water currents during the Early Permian may have been related to the glaciation event of Gondwanaland. An alternative and/or additional source of cooling may have also originated from strong easterly palaeoequatorial boundary currents operating within the Palaeotethys at times during the Early Permian, inducing and/or enhancing upwelling of cool to cold water masses in the eastern Palaeotethys. This latter scenario is analogous to the occasional 'La Nina' effect (opposite to the 'El Nino' effect) at the equatorial belt of the modern Pacific Ocean.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/BF02910173
Field of Research 040308 Palaeontology (incl Palynology)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2001, The Geological Society of Korea
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001313

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Ecology and Environment
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