Filching the Argentine colonists : the encouragement of Patagonians to the Northern Territory in the early twentieth century
Langfield, Michele 2002, Filching the Argentine colonists : the encouragement of Patagonians to the Northern Territory in the early twentieth century, Journal of Northern Territory history, no. 13, pp. 33-47.
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This paper explores the background to the emigration of 220 settlers from Patagonia in South America to the Northern Territory during the course of World War I. The group, which arrived in Darwin on the Kwanto Maru in 1915, comprised an unusual mixture of nationalities. The breakdown given in the passenger list and the contemporary press was 113 Spaniards, 45 Russians, 30 Italians. 28 British, I Argentinian [of British parents], 1 Frenchman, 1 Serbian and 1 Greek. Some of the 'Spaniards' were presumably Spanish speaking Argentinians but most were indeed of Spanish descent, such as the Martinez, Perez and Villalba families. Of the British amongst the group, almost all were Welsh. They came as a result of inducements held out to the Welsh amongst the party in the years immediately prior to the war by the Commonwealth Government, which administered the Northern Territory after 1911. This account provides a fascinating case study of the recruitment of immigrants to Australia, and particularly to the Northern Territory, in the early twentieth century.
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Field of Research
160303 Migration 210303 Australian History (excl Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
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