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Conservation and development interventions as networks: The case of the India ecodevelopment project, Karnataka

Mahanty, Sanghamitra 2002, Conservation and development interventions as networks: The case of the India ecodevelopment project, Karnataka, World development, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1369-1386, doi: 10.1016/S0305-750X(02)00039-6.

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Title Conservation and development interventions as networks: The case of the India ecodevelopment project, Karnataka
Author(s) Mahanty, Sanghamitra
Journal name World development
Volume number 30
Issue number 8
Start page 1369
End page 1386
Publisher Pergamon
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2002-08
ISSN 0305-750X
1873-5991
Keyword(s) South Asia
India
Conservation
Actors
Networks
Negotiation
Summary Experience with community-based biodiversity conservation programs in the 1980s and 1990s contributed to the conviction among donor agencies and researchers that such programs must be based on the active support of local resource users, appropriate incentives, and institutional support. Yet the continuing struggles of practitioners to implement conservation interventions that are socially and ecologically sustainable point to difficulty in realizing these principles on the ground. Actor-oriented research in rural development and actor network theory emphasize that the capacity of facilitators to engage effectively in negotiation processes and establish strong networks with key actors is critical in mediating intervention outcomes. Drawing on the case of the India Ecodevelopment Project at Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park in Karnataka, India, this paper explores the role of relationships and networks between actors in a conservation and development intervention, finding that practitioners need to focus on negotiation and network building as a central rather than subsidiary part of the intervention process. Associated with this is the need for change in the way donor and implementing agencies conduct themselves, to promote communication and greater flexibility in intervention processes.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S0305-750X(02)00039-6
Field of Research 050209 Natural Resource Management
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001584

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Ecology and Environment
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