Social comparisons and negative affect as indicators of problem eating and muscle preoccupation among children

Holt, Kate and Ricciardelli, Lina 2002, Social comparisons and negative affect as indicators of problem eating and muscle preoccupation among children, Journal of applied developmental psychology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 285-304.

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Title Social comparisons and negative affect as indicators of problem eating and muscle preoccupation among children
Author(s) Holt, Kate
Ricciardelli, Lina
Journal name Journal of applied developmental psychology
Volume number 23
Issue number 3
Start page 285
End page 304
Publisher Ablex Pub. Corp
Place of publication Norwood, N.J.
Publication date 2002-05
ISSN 0193-3973
Keyword(s) Problem eating
Muscle preoccupation
Body dissatisfaction
Negative affect
Social comparisons
Children
Summary The present study examined the utilization of social comparison practices and the role of negative affect in predicting body dissatisfaction, problem eating, and muscle preoccupation among young children. Participants were 236 children aged between 8 and 10 years. Children's eating, exercising, and muscle concerns were examined using a modified version of the Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), which included additional items pertaining to muscle bulk and exercising. Consistent with past findings, body mass index (BMI) was found to be the sole unique indicator of body dissatisfaction for both boys and girls. Utilization of social comparison practices with adults was the main unique indicator of the modified ChEAT factors for boys, while BMI was the main unique indicator of the modified ChEAT factors for girls. In addition, negative affect was associated with binging, food preoccupation, and social pressure to eat for boys and dieting and muscle preoccupation for girls. Findings are discussed in relation to previous studies with adolescents and adults.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, Elsevier Science Inc
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30001682

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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