Foods prepared outside the home: association with selected nutrients and body mass index in adult Australians

Burns, Cate, Jackson, Michelle, Gibbons, Carl and Stoney, Rachel M. 2002, Foods prepared outside the home: association with selected nutrients and body mass index in adult Australians, Public health nutrition, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 441-448, doi: 10.1079/PHN2001316.

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Title Foods prepared outside the home: association with selected nutrients and body mass index in adult Australians
Author(s) Burns, Cate
Jackson, Michelle
Gibbons, Carl
Stoney, Rachel M.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 5
Issue number 3
Start page 441
End page 448
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2002-06
ISSN 1368-9800
Keyword(s) energy intake
body mass index
Summary Objective: To determine the proportion of energy from foods prepared outside the home (FPOH) and the relationships with energy and nutrient intakes and body mass index (BMI).

Design: A nutrition survey of a representative sample of the Australian population aged 18 years and over (n = 10 863). Measure used was a 24-hour dietary recall. Underreporters (energy intake/estimated basal metabolic rate (EI/BMR) <0.9) were excluded from analysis. Daily energy and selected nutrient intakes were calculated using a 1996 nutrient composition database for all foods/beverages during the 24-hour period.

Results: On average FPOH contributed a significant 13% to total energy intake. About a third of the sample had consumed FPOH in the last 24 hours and on average this group consumed a third of their total energy as FPOH. The relative contributions of fat (for men and women) and alcohol (for women) were significantly higher for those in the top tertile of FPOH consumers. The intakes of fibre and selected micronutrients (calcium, iron, zinc, folate and vitamin C) were significantly lower in this group. After adjustment for age and income no relationship between FPOH and BMI was observed.

Conclusions: FPOH make a significant contribution to the energy intake of a third of the Australian population. FPOH contribute to poor nutritional intakes. Altering the supply of FPOH may be an effective means of improving diets at a population level.

Notes Published online by Cambridge University Press 02 Jan 2007
Language eng
DOI 10.1079/PHN2001316
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002 The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health Sciences
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