Monotone approximation of aggregation operators using least squares splines
Beliakov, Gleb 2002, Monotone approximation of aggregation operators using least squares splines, International journal of uncertainty, fuzziness, and knowledge-based systems, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 659-676.
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International journal of uncertainty, fuzziness, and knowledge-based systems
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The need for monotone approximation of scattered data often arises in many problems of regression, when the monotonicity is semantically important. One such domain is fuzzy set theory, where membership functions and aggregation operators are order preserving. Least squares polynomial splines provide great flexbility when modeling non-linear functions, but may fail to be monotone. Linear restrictions on spline coefficients provide necessary and sufficient conditions for spline monotonicity. The basis for splines is selected in such a way that these restrictions take an especially simple form. The resulting non-negative least squares problem can be solved by a variety of standard proven techniques. Additional interpolation requirements can also be imposed in the same framework. The method is applied to fuzzy systems, where membership functions and aggregation operators are constructed from empirical data.
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