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Social factors and obesity: an investigation of the role of health behaviours

Ball, Kylie, Mishra, Gita D. and Crawford, David 2003, Social factors and obesity: an investigation of the role of health behaviours, International journal of obesity, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 394-403.

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Title Social factors and obesity: an investigation of the role of health behaviours
Author(s) Ball, Kylie
Mishra, Gita D.
Crawford, David
Journal name International journal of obesity
Volume number 27
Issue number 3
Start page 394
End page 403
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2003
ISSN 0307-0565
1476-5497
Keyword(s) body mass index
social factors
behavioural model
health behaviours
Summary OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a behavioural model of the relation between social factors and obesity, in which differences in body mass index (BMI) across sociodemographic groups were hypothesized to be attributable to social group differences in health behaviours affecting energy expenditure (physical activity, diet and alcohol consumption and weight control).

METHODS: A total of 8667 adults who participated in the 1995 Australian National Health and Nutrition Surveys provided data on a range of health factors including objectively measured height and weight, health behaviours, and social factors including family status, employment status, housing situation and migration status.

RESULTS: Social factors remained significant predictors of BMI after controlling for all health behaviours. Neither social factors alone, nor health behaviours alone, adequately explained the variance in BMI. Gender-specific interactions were found between social factors and individual health behaviours.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that social factors moderate the relation between BMI and weight-related behaviours, and that the mechanisms underlying sociodemographic group differences in obesity may vary among men and women. Additional factors are likely to act in conjunction with current health behaviours to explain variation in obesity prevalence across sociodemographic groups.

Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002153

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.