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Community integration or community exposure? A review and discussion in relation to people with an intellectual disability

Cummins, Robert and Lau, Anna 2003, Community integration or community exposure? A review and discussion in relation to people with an intellectual disability, Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities : JARID, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 145-157, doi: 10.1046/j.1468-3148.2003.00157.x.

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Title Community integration or community exposure? A review and discussion in relation to people with an intellectual disability
Author(s) Cummins, RobertORCID iD for Cummins, Robert orcid.org/0000-0001-9014-7193
Lau, Anna
Journal name Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities : JARID
Volume number 16
Issue number 2
Start page 145
End page 157
Publisher BILD Publications
Place of publication Clevedon, England
Publication date 2003-06
ISSN 1360-2322
1468-3148
Keyword(s) community integration
intellectual disability
quality of life
subjective well-being
Summary Background: This paper reviews the issue of integration as it applies to people with an intellectual disability. A compelling finding is the almost exclusive orientation of the literature to physical integration within the general community of non-disabled people. Moreover, it seems to be generally assumed that the more frequently people experience such integration the better their lives will be. Methods: We question the validity of this assumption on several grounds. It is social, not physical integration, that has a reliable positive influence on well-being. This is an important conclusion as some disabled people find effective social integration with the general community extremely difficult to achieve. Because of this, the consequences of an overly enthusiastic program of integration for such people has more potential to be more stressful than beneficial. Results: We further argue that, as integration is being pursued to benefit the individual, the essential goal of service provision should be to achieve a sense of community connectedness, rather than being concerned with physical integration within the general community.
Conclusion: It is proposed that such connectedness is more likely to be achieved within the community of people with an intellectual disability.
Language eng
DOI 10.1046/j.1468-3148.2003.00157.x
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, BILD Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002162

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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