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Individual differences in children's suggestibility : a comparison between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples

Young, Kristie, Powell, Martine and Dudgeon, Paul 2003, Individual differences in children's suggestibility : a comparison between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples, Personality and individual differences, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 31-49, doi: 10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00138-1.

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Title Individual differences in children's suggestibility : a comparison between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples
Author(s) Young, Kristie
Powell, MartineORCID iD for Powell, Martine orcid.org/0000-0001-5092-1308
Dudgeon, Paul
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 35
Issue number 1
Start page 31
End page 49
Publisher Elsevier Science
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2003-07
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Keyword(s) individual differences
children’s suggestibility
intellectually disability
eyewitness testimony
Summary This study examined whether age, gender, intelligence, communication ability and shyness predict intellectually disabled children’s susceptibility to an interviewer’s misleading suggestions. Further, the study examined whether the relative influence of these factors differs between intellectually disabled and mainstream samples. Participants included 75 children with mild and borderline intellectual disabilities (aged 77–158 months) and 83 mainstream children (aged 68–152 months). All children were individually administered the Yield and Shift subscales of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (Form 2) as well as standardised measures of IQ, shyness and communication ability. For the intellectually disabled children, multiple regression analyses revealed that age, IQ and communication inversely predicted Yield suggestibility, however, none of the factors predicted Shift suggestibility. For the mainstream children, age made a significant independent contribution to both Yield and Shift suggestibility, while IQ was a significant predictor of Shift suggestibility. When comparing the relative impact of these factors across the samples, age had a significantly greater impact on mainstream (compared with intellectually disabled) children’s Shift suggestibility, while IQ had a significantly greater influence on intellectually disabled (compared with mainstream) children’s Yield scores. These findings highlight the limited generalisability of previous findings involving mainstream children’s suggestibility to intellectually disabled samples.


Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00138-1
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002215

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