A biopsychosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children

Ricciardelli, Lina, McCabe, Marita, Holt, Kate and Finemore, Jennifer 2003, A biopsychosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children, Journal of applied developmental psychology, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 475-495, doi: 10.1016/S0193-3973(03)00070-4.

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Title A biopsychosocial model for understanding body image and body change strategies among children
Author(s) Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina orcid.org/0000-0002-7038-7410
McCabe, Marita
Holt, Kate
Finemore, Jennifer
Journal name Journal of applied developmental psychology
Volume number 24
Issue number 4
Start page 475
End page 495
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2003-09
ISSN 0193-3973
Keyword(s) body image
weight loss
eating disorder
gender differences
body mass index
muscle development
body dissatisfaction
sociocultural pressures
Summary The present study was designed to assess the role of biopsychosocial factors in understanding body image concerns and cognitions and behaviors related to losing weight or increasing muscles among 507 children (270 girls and 237 boys) aged between 8 and 11 years. Biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors have been found to be relevant in understanding the development of body image concerns and weight loss strategies among children. However, these factors have not been examined together in a single study; thus, the relative influence of each factors and how these factors may interact is not known. In the current study, body mass index (BMI) was found to be a good indicator of girls' and boys' body dissatisfaction, while the main indicator of children's body change strategies was perceived pressure from parents, peers, and the media. Overall, there were more similarities than differences between girls and boys. The age between 8 and 11 years is a significant period to commence studying body image concerns and body change strategies, as it can be used to help us understand the emergence of gender differences in children's weight and muscle concerns.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S0193-3973(03)00070-4
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002234

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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