A longitudinal study of body change strategies among adolescent males

McCabe, Marita and Ricciardelli, Lina 2003, A longitudinal study of body change strategies among adolescent males, Journal of youth and adolescence, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 105-113.

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Title A longitudinal study of body change strategies among adolescent males
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, Lina
Journal name Journal of youth and adolescence
Volume number 32
Issue number 2
Start page 105
End page 113
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Place of publication The Netherlands
Publication date 2003-04
ISSN 1573-6601
0047-2891
Keyword(s) longitudinal
weight loss
weight gain
increased muscles
adolescent boys
sociocultural pressures
Summary This study was designed to examine the factors predicting a range of body change strategies among adolescent males over an 8-month time period. This is the first published longitudinal study of body change strategies to increase weight and muscles among males. The 5 body change strategies in the present study were eating and exercise to lose weight, increase weight, increase muscles, bingeing, and use of food supplements. The extent to which Body Mass Index (BMI) and these body change strategies predicted each other over an 8-month period was evaluated. The role of pressure from parents and peers to lose weight, increase weight, or increase muscles was also evaluated. After controlling for the Time 1 level of each variable, only bingeing, and use of food supplements were predicted by other Time 1 body change variables. Bingeing at Time 1, and a combination of all of the other variables predicted bingeing at Time 2; use of food supplements and bingeing at Time 1 predicted the use of food supplements at Time 2. Perceived pressure from parents and peers to lose weight at Time 1 predicted strategies to lose weight at Time 2; perceived pressure from parents and peers to increase weight at Time 1 predicted strategies to increase weight at Time 2; and perceived pressure to lose weight, increase weight, and increase muscles at Time 1 predicted the use of food supplements at Time 2. These results indicate that extreme body change strategies are predicted by the adoption of more normative body change strategies at an earlier point in time, and that a range of body change strategies among adolescent males are affected by perceived pressures from parents and peers.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Plenum Publishing Corporation
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002249

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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