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The Relationship of Childhood Family Characteristics and Current Attachment Styles to Depression and Depressive Vulnerability

Higgins, Daryl 2003, The Relationship of Childhood Family Characteristics and Current Attachment Styles to Depression and Depressive Vulnerability, Australian journal of psychology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 9-14, doi: 10.1080/00049530412331312814.

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Title The Relationship of Childhood Family Characteristics and Current Attachment Styles to Depression and Depressive Vulnerability
Author(s) Higgins, Daryl
Journal name Australian journal of psychology
Volume number 55
Issue number 1
Start page 9
End page 14
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2003-04
ISSN 0004-9530
1742-9536
Keyword(s) Multidisciplinary psychology
Summary The role of adult romantic attachment style in the relationship between childhood experiences and current depression was examined. Childhood maltreatment, parental separation/divorce, family adaptability and cohesion during childhood, current attachment style in romantic relationships, vulnerability to depression, and current depressive symptoms were measured in a self-selected sample of adults (N = 133). A large degree of overlap was found in the experience of different types of maltreatment during childhood. Depressive symptoms were uniquely predicted by the sexual abuse and neglect scales, with significant additional variance explained after entering the degree to which respondents' current romantic attachment style was “secure”. Maltreatment and family dysfunction in childhood were significant predictors of depression and vulnerability to depression. Although maltreatment scores did not differentiate between different attachment styles, the degree to which respondents were securely attached may explain -in part -the association between early childhood environment and depressive symptoms in adulthood.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/00049530412331312814
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002254

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 07 Jul 2008, 08:19:35 EST

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