Biotechnology and governance in Australia and Sweden: path dependency or instutional convergence?
Lofgren, Hans and Benner, Mats 2003, Biotechnology and governance in Australia and Sweden: path dependency or instutional convergence?, Australian journal of political science, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 25-43, doi: 10.1080/1036114032000056233.
The development of new generic technologies occurs within traditional structures of industry-government interaction, but also unleashes a process of 'creative destruction' generating new institutional patterns. This article, focusing on biotechnology, describes and compares policy processes and institutional arrangements in Australia and Sweden. The Swedish biotechnology sector displays a pattern of fragmentation and relatively weak state steering. Australia, by contrast, has implemented a set of comparatively coordinated regulatory and other measures to foster the growth of biotechnology. This observation contradicts the characterisation of Sweden as a 'strong state' economy, and challenges the depiction of Australia as lacking in state steering capacity. The relative open-endedness of the search in these countries for a mode of regulation of biotechnology suggests that the role of the state in economic restructuring today is fundamentally distinct from that of earlier periods.
Field of Research
160699 Political Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
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