Identification of hypothalamic genes implicated in the development of obesity in Psammomys obesus using differential display PCR

Trevaskis, James, McMillan, Janine, Windmill, Kelly, Walder, Ken and Collier, Gregory 2004, Identification of hypothalamic genes implicated in the development of obesity in Psammomys obesus using differential display PCR, Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 65-73.

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Title Identification of hypothalamic genes implicated in the development of obesity in Psammomys obesus using differential display PCR
Formatted title Identification of hypothalamic genes implicated in the development of obesity in Psammomys obesus using differential display PCR
Author(s) Trevaskis, James
McMillan, Janine
Windmill, Kelly
Walder, Ken
Collier, Gregory
Journal name Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology
Volume number 137
Issue number 1
Start page 65
End page 73
Publisher Elsevier Inc
Place of publication Tarrytown, N.Y.
Publication date 2004-01
ISSN 1096-4959
1879-1107
Keyword(s) differential display
hypothalamus
energy balance
obesity
psammomys obesus
Summary The hypothalamus is a key central controller of energy homeostasis and is the source and/or site of action of many neuropeptides involved in this process. The aim of this study was to isolate hypothalamic genes differentially expressed between lean and obese Psammomys obesus, a polygenic animal model of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Differential display PCR was used to compare hypothalamic gene expression profiles of lean and healthy, obese and hyperinsulinemic, and obese, diabetic P. obesus in both the fed and fasted states. We conducted differential display with 180 separate primer combinations to amplify approximately 9000 expressed transcripts. Sixty differentially expressed bands were excised. Taqman PCR was performed on 36 of these transcripts to confirm differential gene expression in a larger sample population. Of these 36 transcripts, 9 showed homology to known genes, and 27 were considered to be novel sequences. Gene expression profiles for two of these genes are presented here. In conclusion, differential display PCR was successfully used to isolate several transcripts that may be involved in the central regulation of energy balance. We are currently conducting numerous studies to further investigate the role of these genes in the development of obesity in P. obesus.
Language eng
Field of Research 060405 Gene Expression (incl Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Elsevier Inc
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002447

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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