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Vitamin D in Australia : issues and recommendations

Nowson, Caryl A., Diamond, Terrence H., Pasco, Julie A., Mason, Rebecca S., Sambrook, Philip N. and Eisman, John A. 2004, Vitamin D in Australia : issues and recommendations, Australian family physician, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 133-138.

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Title Vitamin D in Australia : issues and recommendations
Author(s) Nowson, Caryl A.
Diamond, Terrence H.
Pasco, Julie A.
Mason, Rebecca S.
Sambrook, Philip N.
Eisman, John A.
Journal name Australian family physician
Volume number 33
Issue number 3
Start page 133
End page 138
Publisher Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Place of publication Jolimont, Vic
Publication date 2004-03
ISSN 0300-8495
Summary BACKGROUND A significant number of Australians and people from specific groups within the community are suffering from vitamin D deficiency. It is no longer acceptable to assume that all people in Australia receive adequate vitamin D from casual exposure to sunlight.

OBJECTIVE This article provides information on causes, consequences, treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency in Australia.

DISCUSSION People at high risk of vitamin D deficiency include the elderly, those with skin conditions where avoidance of sunlight is required, dark skinned people (particularly women during pregnancy or if veiled) and patients with malabsorption, eg. coeliac disease. For most people, deficiency can be prevented by 5–15 minutes exposure of face and upper limbs to sunlight 4–6 times per week. If this is not possible then a vitamin D supplement of at least 400 IU* per day is recommended. In cases of established vitamin D deficiency, supplementation with 3000-5000 IU per day for at least 1 month is required to replete body stores. Increased availability of larger dose preparations of cholecalciferol would be a useful therapy in the case of severe deficiencies. * 40 IU (international units) = 1 µg
Notes Copyright to Australian Family Physician. Reproduced with permission. Permission to reproduce must be sought from the publisher, The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners.
Language eng
Field of Research 111716 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, Australian Family Physician
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002479

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.