Event valence and unrealistic optimism: further evidence

Gold, Ron and Martyn, Kate 2004, Event valence and unrealistic optimism: further evidence, Psychological reports, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 464-466, doi: 10.2466/PR0.95.6.464-466.

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Title Event valence and unrealistic optimism: further evidence
Author(s) Gold, Ron
Martyn, Kate
Journal name Psychological reports
Volume number 95
Issue number 2
Start page 464
End page 466
Publisher Ammons Scientific Ltd
Place of publication Missoula, Mont.
Publication date 2004
ISSN 0033-2941
Summary Unrealistic optimism is assessed using either a single question, the rating of own likelihood of experience an event compared to that of the average person, or two questions, separate rating of own likelihood and that of the average person. The effect of using valence on more unrealistic optimism was studied in a sample of 175 students using the two-question measure. Valence was manipulated to be positive, i.e., outcome was desirable, or negative, i.e., outcome was undesirable, by 'framing' the same event appropriately. Unrealistic optimism was greater for negative than positive valence. The effect was of the same direction and magnitude as that found by Gold and Martyn (2003) using the single-question measure. The relationship between valence and unrealistic optimism does not depend on whether unrealistic optimism is assessed with one or two questions.
Language eng
DOI 10.2466/PR0.95.6.464-466
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, Ammons Scientific
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002554

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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