The early detection of postpartum depression: midwives and nurses trial a checklist

Hanna, Barbara, Jarman, Heather, Savage, Sally and Layton, Kim 2004, The early detection of postpartum depression: midwives and nurses trial a checklist, Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 191-197, doi: 10.1177/0884217504262972.

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Title The early detection of postpartum depression: midwives and nurses trial a checklist
Author(s) Hanna, Barbara
Jarman, Heather
Savage, Sally
Layton, Kim
Journal name Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing
Volume number 33
Issue number 2
Start page 191
End page 197
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2004-03
ISSN 0884-2175
Keyword(s) postnatal depression
maternal and child health
Summary Objective: To evaluate the use of a standard pen-and-paper test versus the use of a checklist for the early identification of women at risk of postpartum depression and to investigate the experiences of nurses in using the checklist.

Design: A prospective cohort design using repeated measures.

Setting: The booking-in prenatal clinic at a regional hospital in Victoria, Australia, and the community-based postpartum maternal and child health service.

107 pregnant women over 20 years of age.

Main Measures:
Postpartum Depression Prediction Inventory (PDPI), Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), demographic questionnaire, and data on the outcome from the midwives and nurses.

Results: The PDPI identified 45% of the women at risk of depression during pregnancy and 30% postpartum. The PDSS and EPDS both identified the same 8 women (10%), who scored highly for depression at the 8-week postpartum health visit. Nurses provided 80% of the women with anticipatory guidance on postpartum depression in the prenatal period and 46% of women at the 8-week postpartum health visit. Nurse counseling or anticipatory guidance was provided for 60% of the women in the prenatal period.

Conclusion: The PDPI was found to be a valuable checklist by many nurses involved in this research, particularly as a way of initiating open discussion with women about postpartum depression. It correlated strongly with both the PDSS and the EPDS, suggesting that it is useful as an inventory to identify women at risk of postpartum depression.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0884217504262972
Field of Research 111006 Midwifery
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, Sage Publications
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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