Ammonia dissociation is the controlling reaction for several important thermochemical heat treatment processes; nitriding, nitrocarburising (ferritic and austenitic) and carbonitriding. The fluidised bed furnace is a convenient and widely used medium for all of these treatments, yet understanding of the reaction in a fluidised bed context is minimal. This paper deals with the influence of process parameters on nitrogen activity aN; temperature, fluidising flowrate, ammonia inlet level, carbonaceous gas. Two basic behaviours were observed; inlet NH3-dependant and inlet NHr insensitive, with a transition region at intermediate temperatures. The nitrocarburising response of steel specimens was measured by optical microscopy of the layer thicknesses and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GD-OES) determination of nitrogen depth-penetration profiles. aN was found by gas analysis of the exit stream ammonia with the aid of a dissociation burette.
Variant Title : Annual review journal of the Institute of Materials Engineering Australasia LTD
Field of Research
091499 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy not elsewhere classified
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