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Surface morphologies and internal fine structures of bast fibers

Wang, H.M. and Wang, Xungai 2005, Surface morphologies and internal fine structures of bast fibers, Fibers and polymers, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 6-12.

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Title Surface morphologies and internal fine structures of bast fibers
Author(s) Wang, H.M.
Wang, Xungai
Journal name Fibers and polymers
Volume number 6
Issue number 1
Start page 6
End page 12
Publisher Korean Fiber Society
Place of publication Seoul, Korea
Publication date 2005-03
ISSN 1229-9197
1875-0052
Keyword(s) bast fibers
internal structure
cellular layers
nodes and fissures
fiber properties
fibre science
Summary Fiber surface morphologies and associated internal structures are closely related to its properties. Unlike other fibers including cotton, bast fibers possess transverse nodes and fissures in cross-sectional and longitudinal directions. Their morphologies and associated internal structures were anatomically examined under the scanning electron microscope. The results showed that the morphologies of the nodes and the fissures of bast fibers varied depending on the construction of the inner fibril cellular layers. The transverse nodes and fissures were formed by the folding and spiralling of the cellular layers during plant growth. The dimensions of nodes and fissures were determined by the dislocations of the cellular layers. There were also many longitudinal fissures in bast fibers. Some deep longitudinal fissures even opened the fiber lumen for a short way along the fiber. In addition, the lumen channel of the bast fibers could be disturbed or disrupted by the nodes and the spirals of the internal cellular layers. The existence of the transverse nodes and fissures in the bast fibers could degrade the fiber mechanical properties, whereas the longitudinal fissures may contribute to the very rapid moisture absorption and desorption.
Notes The original publication is available at springerlink.com.
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003051

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Engineering and Technology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.