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Design, format, validity and reliability of mutiple choice questions for use in nursing research and education

Considine, Julie, Botti, Mari and Thomas, Shane 2005, Design, format, validity and reliability of mutiple choice questions for use in nursing research and education, Collegian : journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 19-24.

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Title Design, format, validity and reliability of mutiple choice questions for use in nursing research and education
Author(s) Considine, Julie
Botti, Mari
Thomas, Shane
Journal name Collegian : journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
Volume number 12
Issue number 1
Start page 19
End page 24
Publisher Royal College of Nursing
Place of publication Deakin, A.C.T.
Publication date 2005-01
ISSN 1322-7696
Keyword(s) multiple choice questions
parametric tests
nursing education
nursing research
measurement
Summary Multiple choice questions are used extensively in nursing research and education and play a fundamental role in the design of research studies or educational programs. Despite their widespread use, there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines relating to design and use of multiple choice questions. Little is written about their format, structure, validity and reliability of in the context of nursing research and/or education and most of the current literature in this area is based on opinion or consensus. Systematic multiple choice question design and use of valid and reliable multiple choice questions are vital if the results of research or educational testing are to be considered valid. Content and face validity schould be established by expert panel review and construct validity should be established using ‘key check’, item discrimination and item difficulty analyses. Reliability measures include internal consistency and equivalence. Internal consistency should be established by determination of internal consistency using reliability coefficients while equivalence should be established using alternate form correlation. This paper reviews literature related to the use of multiple choice questions, current design recommendations and processes to establish reliability and validity, and discusses implications for their use in nursing research and education.
Notes Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Royal College of Nursing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003091

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.