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Blood pressure change with weight loss is affected by diet type in men

Nowson, Caryl, Worsley, Anthony, Margerison, Claire, Jorna, Michelle K., Godfrey, Sandra J. and Booth, Alison 2005, Blood pressure change with weight loss is affected by diet type in men, American journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 983-989.

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Title Blood pressure change with weight loss is affected by diet type in men
Author(s) Nowson, CarylORCID iD for Nowson, Caryl
Worsley, AnthonyORCID iD for Worsley, Anthony
Margerison, ClaireORCID iD for Margerison, Claire
Jorna, Michelle K.
Godfrey, Sandra J.
Booth, AlisonORCID iD for Booth, Alison
Journal name American journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 81
Issue number 5
Start page 983
End page 989
Publisher American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Place of publication Bethesda, MD
Publication date 2005-05
ISSN 0002-9165
Keyword(s) weight loss
blood pressure
Summary Background: Weight loss reduces blood pressure, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has also been shown to lower blood pressure.

Objective: Our goal was to assess the effect on blood pressure of 2 weight-reduction diets: a low-fat diet (LF diet) and a moderate-sodium, high-potassium, high-calcium, low-fat DASH diet (WELL diet).

Design: After baseline measurements, 63 men were randomly assigned to either the WELL or the LF diet for 12 wk, and both diet groups undertook 0.5 h of moderate physical activity on most days of the week.

Results: Fifty-four men completed the study. Their mean (±SD) age was 47.9 ± 9.3 y (WELL diet, n = 27; LF diet, n = 27), and their mean baseline home systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 129.4 ± 11.3 and 80.6 ± 8.6 mm Hg, respectively. Body weight decreased by 4.9 ± 0.6 kg (±SEM) in the WELL group and by 4.6 ± 0.6 kg in the LF group (P < 0.001 for both). There was a greater decrease in blood pressure in the WELL group than in the LF group [between-group difference (week 12 –baseline) in both SBP (5.5 ± 1.9 mm Hg; P = 0.006) and DBP (4.4 ± 1.2 mm Hg; P = 0.001)].

Conclusions: For a comparable 5-kg weight loss, a diet high in low-fat dairy products, vegetables, and fruit (the WELL diet) resulted in a greater decrease in blood pressure than did the LF diet. This dietary approach to achieving weight reduction may confer an additional benefit in reducing blood pressure in those who are overweight.

Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, American Society for Clinical Nutrition
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