A longitudinal study of body image and strategies to lose weight and increase muscles in children

McCabe, Marita and Ricciardelli, Lina 2005, A longitudinal study of body image and strategies to lose weight and increase muscles in children, Journal of applied developmental psychology, vol. 26, no. 2005, pp. 559-577.

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Title A longitudinal study of body image and strategies to lose weight and increase muscles in children
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, Lina
Journal name Journal of applied developmental psychology
Volume number 26
Issue number 2005
Start page 559
End page 577
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2005-09
ISSN 0193-3973
Keyword(s) body image
weight loss
muscle increase
sociocultural influences
gender differences
middle childhood
Summary A longitudinal study was used to examine age differences in the role of body mass index (BMI) and sociocultural pressures in predicting changes in body image and strategies to both lose weight and increase muscles among 443 children aged between 8 and 12 years (207 boys, 236 girls) over a 16-month period. The strongest predictors of body image and these strategies were BMI, the media and mothers, and to a lesser extent fathers and best friends. Girls were focused on losing weight, whereas boys were focused on both increasing muscle and losing weight. Surprisingly, there was a reduction in strategies both to lose weight and increase muscles as children approached adolescence. The implications of these findings for preventative educational programs for boys and girls are discussed.

Notes available online 5 July 2005.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Elsevier Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003160

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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