A longitudinal study to explain stratiges to change weight and muscles among normal weight and overweight children

McCabe, Marita, Ricciardelli, Lina and Holt, Katherine 2005, A longitudinal study to explain stratiges to change weight and muscles among normal weight and overweight children, Appetite, vol. 45, no. 2005, pp. 225-234, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2005.07.009.

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Title A longitudinal study to explain stratiges to change weight and muscles among normal weight and overweight children
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina orcid.org/0000-0002-7038-7410
Holt, Katherine
Journal name Appetite
Volume number 45
Issue number 2005
Start page 225
End page 234
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Netherlands
Publication date 2005-12
ISSN 0195-6663
Keyword(s) body dissatisfaction
lose weight
increase muscles
Summary Previous research has indicated that both boys and girls strive for a slim body, with boys having an additional focus on a muscular body build. The current study was designed to evaluate the utility of a biopsychosocial model to explain body image and body change strategies among children. The study evaluated changes over time in body image and strategies to lose weight and increase muscles among 132 normal weight and 67 overweight boys (mean age=9.23 years) and 158 normal weight and 55 overweight girls (mean age=9.33 years). The predictive role of BMI, positive and negative affect, self-esteem and perceived sociocultural pressures to lose weight or increase muscle on body image and body change strategies over a 16 month period was evaluated. All participants completed the questionnaire on both occasions. The results demonstrated that both overweight boys and girls were more likely to be dissatisfied with their weight, place more importance on their weight, engage in more strategies to lose weight as well as perceive more pressure to lose weight. Overweight boys and girls were also more likely to report lower levels of self-esteem and positive affect, and higher levels of negative affect, and reported a reduction in their self-esteem over time. Regression analyses demonstrated that among overweight boys, low self-esteem and high levels of perceived pressure to lose weight predicted weight dissatisfaction; for overweight girls, weight dissatisfaction was also predicted by low levels of self-esteem. The implication of these findings in terms of factors contributing to the adoption of health risk behaviors among children is discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2005.07.009
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005 Elsevier Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003162

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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