Division of Chemical Education, American Chemical Society
Place of publication
Undergraduate students often have the misconception that molecules have fixed, unchanging bond lengths. This article discusses how linear-molecule rotational band spacings in infrared spectroscopy can be used as a qualitative, visual demonstration of the elongation of average bond lengths on vibrational excitation. The method does not depend on a detailed mathematical analysis of the spectra. In UV–vis spectroscopy, the rotational band spacings give rise to distinctive linear-molecule rotational contours, which easily show whether the average bond length has increased or decreased. The method is based on a spreadsheet simulation of the vibration–rotation or rovibronic (electronic–vibration–rotation) spectrum and is applied to hydrogen chloride IR, iodine UV–vis, and nitrogen UV–vis spectra in this article.
Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.