The relationship between residence and the pharmacological management of challenging behavior in individuals with intellectual disability

McGillivray, Jane and McCabe, Marita 2005, The relationship between residence and the pharmacological management of challenging behavior in individuals with intellectual disability, Journal of developmental and physical disabilities, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 311-325.

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Title The relationship between residence and the pharmacological management of challenging behavior in individuals with intellectual disability
Author(s) McGillivray, Jane
McCabe, Marita
Journal name Journal of developmental and physical disabilities
Volume number 17
Issue number 4
Start page 311
End page 325
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2005-12
ISSN 1056-263X
1573-3580
Keyword(s) pharmacological management
challenging behaviour
intellectual disability
deinstitutionalisation
Summary Many individuals with intellectual disability are administered psychotropic drugs to manage their challenging behavior. The increased relocation of individuals from institutions into community-based accommodation during the past decade provides an opportunity to examine the relationship between setting and drug administration. This study provides acomparison of drug use according to the type of residential facility of 873 individuals reported to have been administered drugs for behavioral restraint in March 2000, with 762 individuals reported in March 1993. In 2000, individuals in institutions were reported toreceive a moderately greater number of drugs concurrently than those in the community. However, there were no differences in the proportion of individuals prescribed drugs relative to the total population living in the respective settings. This is in contrast to the findings from 1993, where drug use was greater in individuals who were living in institutions. It was also more common for individuals who continued to be medicated across time to have previously lived in an institution. Although relocation into the community may be associated with improved living conditions, it is important to recognize that this change in living conditions is not necessarily associated with less use of drugs to manage behavior.
Language eng
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003214

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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