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Utility-driven evidence for healthy cities : problems with evidence generation and application

de Leeuw, Evelyne and Skovgaard, Thomas 2005, Utility-driven evidence for healthy cities : problems with evidence generation and application, Social science & medicine, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 1331-1341, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.01.028.

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Title Utility-driven evidence for healthy cities : problems with evidence generation and application
Author(s) de Leeuw, Evelyne
Skovgaard, Thomas
Journal name Social science & medicine
Volume number 61
Issue number 6
Start page 1331
End page 1341
Publisher Pergamon
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2005-09
ISSN 0277-9536
1873-5347
Keyword(s) healthy cities
health policy
community health
health promotion
utility-driven evidence
WHO
Summary The question whether the WHO Healthy Cities project ‘works’ has been asked ever since a number of novel ideas and actions related to community health, health promotion and healthy public policy in the mid 1980s came together in the Healthy Cities Movement initiated by the World Health Organization. The question, however, has become more urgent since we have entered an era in which the drive for ‘evidence’ seems all-pervasive.

The article explores the nature of evidence, review available evidence on Healthy Cities accomplishments, and discusses whether enough evidence has been accumulated on different performances within the realm of Healthy Cities. A main point of reference is the European Healthy Cities Project (E-HCP).

Building on the information gathered through documentary research on the topic, it is concluded that there is fair evidence that Healthy Cities works. However, the future holds great challenges for further development and evidence-oriented evaluations of Healthy Cities. There are problems with (1) the communication of evidence, (2) the tension between the original intention of the Healthy Cities Movement and its current operations, and (3) the complex nature of Healthy Cities and the methodological tools currently available.
Notes Available online 27 March 2005.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.01.028
Field of Research 111708 Health and Community Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, Elsevier Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003352

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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