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Family food environment and dietary behaviors likely to promote fatness in 5-6 year-old children

Campbell, Karen, Crawford, David and Ball, Kylie 2006, Family food environment and dietary behaviors likely to promote fatness in 5-6 year-old children, International journal of obesity, vol. 30, pp. 1272-1280.

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Title Family food environment and dietary behaviors likely to promote fatness in 5-6 year-old children
Author(s) Campbell, Karen
Crawford, David
Ball, Kylie
Journal name International journal of obesity
Volume number 30
Start page 1272
End page 1280
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2006
ISSN 0307-0565
1476-5497
Keyword(s) family environment
children
eating behaviors
obesity prevention
healthy eating
Summary Background: The family food environment (FFE) is likely to exert important influences on young children's eating. Examination of multiple aspects of the FFE may provide useful insights regarding which of these might most effectively be targeted to prevent childhood obesity.

Objective: To assess the associations between the FFE and a range of obesity-promoting dietary behaviors in 5–6-year-old children.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Subjects: Five hundred and sixty families sampled from three socio-economically distinct areas.

Measurements: Predictors included parental perceptions of their child's diet, food availability, child feeding practices, parental modeling of eating and food preparation and television (TV) exposure. Dietary outcomes included energy intake, vegetable, sweet snack, savory snack and high-energy (non-dairy) fluid consumption.

Results: Multiple linear regression analyses, adjusted for all other predictor variables and maternal education, showed that several aspects of the FFE were associated with dietary outcomes likely to promote fatness in 5–6-year-old children. For example, increased TV viewing time was associated with increased index of energy intake, increased sweet snack and high-energy drink consumption, and deceased vegetable intake. In addition, parent's increased confidence in the adequacy of their child's diet was associated with increased consumption of sweet and savory snacks and decreased vegetable consumption. 

Conclusion:  This study substantially extends previous research in the area, providing important insights with which to guide family-based obesity prevention strategies.

Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.