Negative affect as a mediator between body dissatisfaction and extreme weight loss and muscle gain behaviors

Heywood, Susan and McCabe, Marita 2006, Negative affect as a mediator between body dissatisfaction and extreme weight loss and muscle gain behaviors, Journal of health psychology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 833-844.

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Title Negative affect as a mediator between body dissatisfaction and extreme weight loss and muscle gain behaviors
Author(s) Heywood, Susan
McCabe, Marita
Journal name Journal of health psychology
Volume number 11
Issue number 6
Start page 833
End page 844
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2006
ISSN 1359-1053
Keyword(s) body change strategies
body dissatisfaction
dissordered eating
negative effect
Summary Negative affect has been found to mediate the relationship between body dissatisfaction and bulimia. However, it is unknown if this relationship also applies to disordered eating, excessive exercise and strategies to increase muscle for men or women. The aim of this study was to investigate whether negative and positive affect mediate the relationship between body dissatisfaction, and these body change strategies. Respondents were 93 men and 97 women (age range: 18-25 years), who completed measures of body dissatisfaction, positive and negative affect and body change strategies to lose weight or increase muscles. Body dissatisfaction was associated with strategies to lose weight, dietary restraint and bulimia for both genders. Negative affect mediated the relationship between dissatisfaction with muscles and strategies to lose weight, dietary restraint and bulimia for women only. The results confirm previous findings related to the association between negative affect and disordered eating for women. They also demonstrate the need to further investigate the impact of negative affect on body change strategies, particularly among men, and those strategies related to increasing muscles.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Sage Publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003940

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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