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Evaluation of a brief pilot nutrition and exercise intervention for the prevention of weight gain in general practice patients

Booth, Alison O., Nowson, Caryl, Huang, Nancy, Lombard, Catherine and Singleton, Kate L. 2006, Evaluation of a brief pilot nutrition and exercise intervention for the prevention of weight gain in general practice patients, Public health nutrition, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1055-1061.

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Title Evaluation of a brief pilot nutrition and exercise intervention for the prevention of weight gain in general practice patients
Author(s) Booth, Alison O.
Nowson, Caryl
Huang, Nancy
Lombard, Catherine
Singleton, Kate L.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 9
Issue number 8
Start page 1055
End page 1061
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2006-12
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) general practice
nutrition
physical activity
obesity
Summary Objective To pilot-test a brief written prescription recommending lifestyle changes delivered by general practitioners (GPs) to their patients.

Design The Active Nutrition Script (ANS) included five nutrition messages and personalised exercise advice for a healthy lifestyle and/or the prevention of weight gain. GPs were asked to administer 10 scripts over 4 weeks to 10 adult patients with a body mass index (BMI) of between 23 and 30 kg m− 2. Information recorded on the script consisted of patients' weight, height, waist circumference, gender and date of birth, type and frequency of physical activity prescribed, and the selected nutrition messages. GPs also recorded reasons for administering the script. Interviews recorded GPs views on using the script.

Setting General practices located across greater Melbourne.

Subjects and results
Nineteen GPs (63% female) provided a median of nine scripts over 4 weeks. Scripts were administered to 145 patients (mean age: 54 ± 13.2 years, mean BMI: 31.7 ± 6.3 kg m− 2; 57% female), 52% of whom were classified as obese (BMI >30 kg m− 2). GPs cited ‘weight reduction’ as a reason for writing the script for 78% of patients. All interviewed GPs (90%, n = 17) indicated that the messages were clear and simple to deliver.

Conclusions
GPs found the ANS provided clear nutrition messages that were simple to deliver. However, GPs administered the script to obese patients for weight loss rather than to prevent weight gain among the target group. This has important implications for future health promotion interventions designed for general practice.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30003952

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.