Role of dietary factors in the development of basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer of the skin

McNaughton, Sarah, Marks, Geoffrey and Green, Adele 2005, Role of dietary factors in the development of basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer of the skin, Cancer epidemiology biomarkers & prevention, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1596-1607.

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Title Role of dietary factors in the development of basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer of the skin
Author(s) McNaughton, Sarah
Marks, Geoffrey
Green, Adele
Journal name Cancer epidemiology biomarkers & prevention
Volume number 14
Issue number 7
Start page 1596
End page 1607
Publisher American Association for Cancer Research
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa
Publication date 2005-07
ISSN 1055-9965
1538-7755
Summary The role of dietary factors in the development of skin cancer has been investigated for many years; however, the results of epidemiologic studies have not been systematically reviewed. This article reviews human studies of basal cell cancer (BCC) and squamous cell cancer (SCC) and includes all studies identified in the published scientific literature investigating dietary exposure to fats, retinol, carotenoids, vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium. A total of 26 studies were critically reviewed according to study design and quality of the epidemiologic evidence. Overall, the evidence suggests a positive relationship between fat intake and BCC and SCC, an inconsistent association for retinol, and little relation between ß-carotene and BCC or SCC development. There is insufficient evidence on which to make a judgment about an association of other carotenoids with skin cancer. The evidence for associations between vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium and both BCC and SCC is weak. Many of the existing studies contain limitations, however, and further well-designed and implemented studies are required to clarify the role of diet in skin cancer. Additionally, the role of other dietary factors, such as flavonoids and other polyphenols, which have been implicated in skin cancer development in animal models, needs to be investigated.


Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, American Association for Cancer Research
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30004117

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