Supplement use is associated with health status and health-related behaviors in the 1946 British birth cohort.

McNaughton, Sarah, Mishra, Gita D., Paul, Alison A., Prynne, Celina J. and Wadsworth, Mike E. J. 2005, Supplement use is associated with health status and health-related behaviors in the 1946 British birth cohort., Journal of nutrition, vol. 135, no. 7, pp. 1782-1789.

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Title Supplement use is associated with health status and health-related behaviors in the 1946 British birth cohort.
Author(s) McNaughton, SarahORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah
Mishra, Gita D.
Paul, Alison A.
Prynne, Celina J.
Wadsworth, Mike E. J.
Journal name Journal of nutrition
Volume number 135
Issue number 7
Start page 1782
End page 1789
Publisher American Society for Nutrition
Place of publication Bethesda, Md.
Publication date 2005-07
ISSN 0022-3166
Keyword(s) dietary supplements
dietary intake
life-style behaviors
health status
cardiovascular disease risk
Summary Use of dietary supplements may be one of a number of health-related behaviors that cluster together. The current study investigated the underlying diet, health-related characteristics, and behaviors of users and nonusers of dietary supplements in a longitudinal study of health. Participants (n = 1776) completed a 5-d food diary including information on dietary supplement use (vitamins, minerals, and nutraceuticals) at age 53 y. Sociodemographic information and data on smoking, alcohol, and physical activity were obtained along with anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and a blood sample (nonfasting subjects). A significantly greater percentage of women reported supplement use compared with men (45.1 vs. 25.2%). Supplement use was associated with lower BMI, lower waist circumference, higher plasma folate and plasma vitamin B-12 concentrations, nonsmoking, participation in physical activity, and nonmanual social class in women and with plasma folate concentrations and participation in physical activity in men. Nonsupplement users tended to be nonconsumers of breakfast cereals, fruit, fruit juice, yogurt, oily fish, and olive oil and had lower dietary intakes of potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamin C even after adjustment for sociodemographic and behavioral factors. Overall, supplement users tended to differ from nonsupplement users on a range of health-related behaviors and health status indicators, although there were fewer significant associations in men. Similarly, dietary supplements users tended to have underlying diets that, were healthier and those taking supplements may be the least likely to need them. These results support the notion of a clustering of healthy behaviors and cardiovascular risk factors, particularly for women.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2005, American Society for Nutritional Sciences
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