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Youth alcohol and other drug use in the United States and Australia: a cross-national comparison of three state-wide samples

Toumbourou, John, Beyers, J., Catalano, R., Hawkins, J., Arthur, M. and Evans-Whipp, T. 2005, Youth alcohol and other drug use in the United States and Australia: a cross-national comparison of three state-wide samples, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 515-523, doi: 10.1080/09595230500293779.

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Title Youth alcohol and other drug use in the United States and Australia: a cross-national comparison of three state-wide samples
Author(s) Toumbourou, JohnORCID iD for Toumbourou, John orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Beyers, J.
Catalano, R.
Hawkins, J.
Arthur, M.
Evans-Whipp, T.
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 24
Issue number 6
Start page 515
End page 523
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2005-11
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Keyword(s) adolescence
adolescent development
cross-cultural differences
alcohol drinking patterns
alcohol abuse
Summary Although youth drug and alcohol harm minimization policies in Australia are often contrasted with the abstinence and zero tolerance policies adopted in the United States, there has been little research directly comparing youth substance use behaviour in the two countries. Three state representative samples in Victoria, Australia (n = 7898) and in the US states of Oregon (n = 15 224) and Maine (n = 16 245) completed a common cross-sectional student survey. Rates of alcohol use (lifetime alcohol use, recent use in the past 30 days), alcohol use exceeding recommended consumption limits (binge drinking: five or more drinks in a session), other licit drug use (tobacco use), and norm-violating substance use (substance use at school, use in the past 30 days of marijuana or other illicit drug use) were compared for males and females at ages 12-17. Rates were lower (odds ratios 0.5-0.8) for youth in Maine and Oregon compared to Victoria for lifetime and recent alcohol use, binge drinking and daily cigarette smoking. However, rates of recent marijuana use and recent use of other illicit drugs were higher in Maine and Oregon, as were reports of being drunk or high at school. In contradiction of harm minimization objectives, Victoria, relative to the US states of Oregon and Maine, demonstrated higher rates of alcohol use exceeding recommended consumption limits and daily tobacco use. However, findings suggested that aspects of norm-violating substance use (substance use at school, marijuana use and other illicit drug use) were higher in the US states compared to Victoria.
Notes Online Publication Date: 01 November 2005
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/09595230500293779
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and Other Drugs
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30004223

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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