Additive effect of interferential therapyover pelvic floor exercise alone in the treatment of female urinary stress and urge incontinence: A randomized controlled trial

Lo, Sing Kai, Naidu, Jaya and Cao, Yuelong 2003, Additive effect of interferential therapyover pelvic floor exercise alone in the treatment of female urinary stress and urge incontinence: A randomized controlled trial, Hong Kong physiotherapy journal, vol. 210, pp. 37-42.

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Title Additive effect of interferential therapyover pelvic floor exercise alone in the treatment of female urinary stress and urge incontinence: A randomized controlled trial
Author(s) Lo, Sing Kai
Naidu, Jaya
Cao, Yuelong
Journal name Hong Kong physiotherapy journal
Volume number 21
Start page 37
End page 42
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2003-12
ISSN 1013-7025
Keyword(s) interferential therapy
pelvic floor exercise
incontinence
Summary This pilot study attempted to examine the additional efficacy of interferential therapy in reducing the symptoms of urinary stress and urge incontinence. Twenty-four subjects were randomly allocated to the experimental group, which received interferential therapy plus pelvic floor exercises, or the control group, which received pelvic floor exercises only. Treatment was given three times a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were given urinary diaries to record urinary symptoms (including frequency of passing urine and number of times woken by desire to pass urine) for 5 days prior to and after treatment. Perineometer readings, pad weighing test and start/stop test were also performed in a physiotherapy clinic before and at completion of treatment regimes. Significant improvements were observed in all the outcome variables in the experimental group, but in only the perineometer readings in controls. When the changes from pre- to post-treatment were compared between the two groups, four of the dependent variables did not reach statistical significance. Power analysis indicated that the sample size for each group needed to be 70 for all results to be statistically significant. This study shows that interferential therapy plus pelvic floor exercise appears to be a more effective treatment modality than pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercise alone for incontinence, but a larger trial with longer followup is needed before definitive conclusions can be reached.
Language eng
Field of Research 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30004277

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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