The influence of sensitivity to reward on reactivity to alcohol-related cues

Kambouropoulos, Nicolas and Staiger, Petra K. 2001, The influence of sensitivity to reward on reactivity to alcohol-related cues, Addiction, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 1175-1185, doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.968117510.x.

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Title The influence of sensitivity to reward on reactivity to alcohol-related cues
Author(s) Kambouropoulos, NicolasORCID iD for Kambouropoulos, Nicolas
Staiger, Petra K.ORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K.
Journal name Addiction
Volume number 96
Issue number 8
Start page 1175
End page 1185
Total pages 11
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2001-08
ISSN 0965-2140
Keyword(s) drinking of alcoholic beverages
drinking behaviour
Summary Aims. To investigate the role of sensitivity to reward in mediating social drinkers' reactivity to alcohol cues. Design. A standard cue-reactivity paradigm was employed. Two groups of social drinkers (heavy and ight) were assessed after exposure to the sight, smell and taste of a neutral cue (water) and then an alcohol cue (glass of beer). Setting. Sessions were conducted in a laboratory based environment. Participants. Twenty heavy (12 males, eight females) and 18 light social drinkers (seven males, 11 females) were recruited; mean age was 23.6 years. Measurements. The Card Arranging Reward Responsivity Objective Test (CARROT), assessing behavioural responsiveness to a monetary incentive; urge to drink; positive affect; and the BAS scales, assessing sensitivity to reward. Findings. Heavy drinkers displayed a significant increase in responsivity to rewards (i.e. CARROT) and self-reported urge to drink, bur not positive affect, after exposure to alcohol. For the heavy drinkers, heightened sensitivity to reward (i.e. BAS scales) was significantly related to cue-elicited urge to drink and positive affect. Conclusion. The results are consistent with a conditioned appetitive motivational model of alcohol use and suggest that Gray's theory of personality may be of some benefit in explaining variation in reactivity responses.

Language eng
DOI 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.968117510.x
Field of Research 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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