Photocatalytic degradation of dyes in wastewater using TiO2/UV in a flat-plate reactor
Li, Yuncang, Zou, L. and Hu, Eric 2003, Photocatalytic degradation of dyes in wastewater using TiO2/UV in a flat-plate reactor, in Innovations in water : proceedings, Australian Water Association, Artarmon, N.S.W., pp. 1-10.
The photocatalyst TiO2 with UV irradiation was used to degrade dyes in textile effluent in a flat-plate photoreactor. A test system was built with the reactor area of 1 x 0.3m2, UV light of six 36W-blacklight. TiO2 powder P25 with BET surface area 50±15m2/g, average primary particle size 21 nm, purity> 99.5% and content of 83.9% anatase and 16.1 % rutile was used as the photocatalyst. A number of dyes commonly present in dyeing wastewater were tested in this study. The different operating parameters, such as dosage of photocatalyst, the structure of the reactor, flow rates through the flat-plate reactor, UV radiation intensity and tilted angle of the reactor, were investigated. The results showed that the photocatalytic process could efficiently remove most of the colour contained in the dyeing wastewater. It was experimentally observed that first-order kinetics was adequate for characterising the process. The flow rate and the tilted angle had some influence on the film thickness of the fluid in the reactor and the empirical correlation between the film thickness of the fluid and these two parameters was developed. The photoreaction rate was mainly determined by the film thickness of the fluid on the reactor surface and the dosage of the photocatalyst. Optimum operating parameters of the system were found to be at the film thickness of about 1.4mm and a TiO2 dosage of 1 gIL. The higher the UV intensity, the faster the reaction rate was. The results of these experiments showed that this method has the great potential for colour removal from wastewater at commercial scale.
To overcome the common difficulty of separating the used TiO2 suspension after treatment precipitation followed with filtration was used in this study to determine the separation efficiencies. On the other hand, TiO2 in a small pillar shape was also studied for photocatalytic degradation of textile dye effluent. The pillar pellet was made in Oegussa Company, Germany ranging from 2.5 to 5.3mm long and with a diameter of 3.7mm. It was almost pure TiO2 (83.2% anatase and 16.8% rutile), with a S-content of <20 ppm and a CI content of the order of 0.1 wt. %. No further elements are present in contents above 0.05 wt.%. The TiO2 pillars were placed on the flat-plate reactor that was divided by the rectangular slots and irradiated under UV light when the treated solution went through the reactor. Four dyes and their mixtures were tested. The results showed that the photocatalytic process under this configuration efficiently remove the colour from textile dyeing effluent, and pillar shape TiO2 photocatalyst was not dissolved in water and very easy to be separated from solution, enabling it to be reused many times. The first-order kinetics was adequate for characterising the photocatalytic degradation process and the photocatalytic performance was comparable to TiO2 powder. It is believed that the TiO2 pellet would be a preferable form of photocatalyst in applications for textile effluent treatment process, and other wastewater treatment processes.
Field of Research
090703 Environmental Technologies
HERDC Research category
E1 Full written paper - refereed
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