A new relationship between planning and democracy? Urban activism in Melbourne 1965-1975
Howe, Renate and Nichols, David 2004, A new relationship between planning and democracy? Urban activism in Melbourne 1965-1975, in Planning models and the culture of cities : Proceedings of the 11th International Planning History Conference 2004, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Catalunya, Spain, pp. 1-11.
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Planning models and the culture of cities : Proceedings of the 11th International Planning History Conference 2004
Monclus, Francisco-Javier Guardia, Manuel
International Planning History Conference
Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya
Place of publication
This paper is a reflective overview of urban social protest in the years 1965-1975 and its influence on post-war planning, especially on models of public participation in planning, and conceptions of effective local democracy. Drawing extensively on a major study of urban activism in Melbourne, Australia, the paper discusses the political and organisational strategies used by activists in Melbourne’s inner city areas to resist the large-scale planning/urban renewal projects especially of the Victorian state government. The paper focuses on Melbourne’s inner city Residents’ Action Groups and examines their motivations, strategies and rationales, placing them within an international context of urban protest movements demanding local democracy and consultation. The paper concludes that the Melbourne urban protest movements of the late 60s and early 70s deserve recognition for their contribution to inclusive, consultative processes in planning decision-making. This is done within a context of questioning contemporary academic discussion around the interpretative concept of gentrification, widely and indiscriminately applied to this and later periods of urban change.
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Field of Research
210303 Australian History (excl Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
Socio Economic Objective
970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
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