Dien Bien Phu: development and conservation in a Vietnamese cultural landscape

Logan, William 2005, Dien Bien Phu: development and conservation in a Vietnamese cultural landscape, in Cultural landscapes in the 21st century, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, pp. 1-13.

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Title Dien Bien Phu: development and conservation in a Vietnamese cultural landscape
Author(s) Logan, William
Conference name International Forum UNESCO : University and heritage (10th : 2005 : University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, England)
Conference location University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Conference dates 11-16 April 2005
Title of proceedings Cultural landscapes in the 21st century
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2005
Conference series UNESCO : University and heritage Forum
Start page 1
End page 13
Publisher University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Place of publication Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Summary It has been possible to nominate places for their cultural landscape values to the World Heritage List since December 1992. The Operational Guidelines (2005) define cultural landscapes as cultural properties that ‘represent the “combined works of nature and man” designated in Article 1 of the Convention’. They are illustrative of the evolution of human society and settlement over time, under the influence of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by their natural environment and of successive social, economic and cultural forces, both internal and external’ (Para 47). Refining this further, the World Heritage system recognises three categories of cultural landscapes:

1. Clearly defined landscapes designed and intentionally created by man;

2. Organically evolved landscapes of two subtypes:
·  Relict or fossil landscapes in which an evolutionary process has come to an end but where its distinguishing features are still visible;
·  Continuing landscapes which retain an active social role in contemporary society associated with a traditional way of life and in which the evolutionary process is still in progress and where it exhibits significant material evidence of its evolution over time;

3. Associative cultural landscapes where the outstanding universal value relates to the powerful religious, artistic, or cultural associations of the natural elements rather than the evidence of material culture.
Language eng
Field of Research 210202 Heritage and Cultural Conservation
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
HERDC collection year 2006
Copyright notice ©Reproduced with the specific permission of the copyright owner.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30006199

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Faculty of Arts and Education
School of History, Heritage and Society
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