Dietary counseling to increase natural folate intake: a ransomized placebo-controlled trial in free-living subjects to assess effects on serum folate and plasma total homocysteine.

Venn, Bernard J., Mann, Jim I., Williams, Sheila M., Riddell, Lynnette J., Chisholm, Alexandra, Harper, Michelle J. and Aitken, Wendy 2002, Dietary counseling to increase natural folate intake: a ransomized placebo-controlled trial in free-living subjects to assess effects on serum folate and plasma total homocysteine., American journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 758-765.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Dietary counseling to increase natural folate intake: a ransomized placebo-controlled trial in free-living subjects to assess effects on serum folate and plasma total homocysteine.
Author(s) Venn, Bernard J.
Mann, Jim I.
Williams, Sheila M.
Riddell, Lynnette J.
Chisholm, Alexandra
Harper, Michelle J.
Aitken, Wendy
Journal name American journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 76
Issue number 4
Start page 758
End page 765
Publisher American Society for Nutrition
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2002-10
ISSN 0002-9165
1938-3207
Keyword(s) folate
folate intake
homocysteine
diet
dietary counseling
randomized trial
community participants
Summary BACKGROUND: The association between vascular disease and elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations is caused, in part, by inadequate intakes of dietary folate. Increasing folate intake either through supplements or foods naturally rich in folates has been shown to decrease tHcy concentrations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a similar reduction in tHcy was possible in free-living persons receiving dietary counseling. DESIGN: The study included a 4-wk placebo-controlled dietary intervention trial in which participants consumed either unfortified breakfast cereal (control group) or an extra 350 micro g folate derived from food/d (dietary group). Serum folate and tHcy concentrations in both groups were measured before and after the intervention period, and the concentrations in the dietary group were also measured 17 wk after the intervention period. RESULTS: During the 4-wk intervention, mean dietary folate intake in the dietary group increased from 263 (95% CI: 225, 307) to 618 micro g/d (535, 714), resulting in a mean increase in serum folate of 37% (15%, 63%) and a decrease in tHcy from 12.0 (10.9, 13.3) to 11.3 micro mol/L (10.2, 12.5). A further decrease in tHcy occurred in the dietary group during follow-up, with a final tHcy concentration of 9.7 micro mol/L (8.8, 10.8). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing natural folate intake improved folate status and decreased tHcy concentrations to an extent that may significantly reduce the risk of vascular disease. Dietary modification may have advantages over folic acid fortification because the altered food-consumption patterns lead to increased intakes of several vitamins and minerals and decreased intakes of saturated fatty acids.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2002, American Society for Clinical Nutrition
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30006550

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 41 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 419 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Thu, 31 Jul 2008, 10:41:38 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.