Hormone therapy is associated with smaller achilles tendon diameter in active post-menopausal women

Cook, Jill, Bass, Shona and Black, J. E. 2007, Hormone therapy is associated with smaller achilles tendon diameter in active post-menopausal women, Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 128-132.

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Title Hormone therapy is associated with smaller achilles tendon diameter in active post-menopausal women
Author(s) Cook, Jill
Bass, Shona
Black, J. E.
Journal name Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume number 17
Issue number 2
Start page 128
End page 132
Publisher Wiley Interscience
Place of publication Malden, Mass.
Publication date 2007-04
ISSN 0905-7188
1600-0838
Keyword(s) achilles
activity
female hormones
Summary The effects of hormonal status and activity levels on Achilles tendon structure were examined in asymptomatic post-menopausal women. It was hypothesized that women using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) would have better tendon structure than those not using HRT and that active women would have poorer tendon structure than inactive women. Eighty-five women including 53 active women (regular golf players) and 32 controls (healthy but inactive women) recorded their HRT and menopausal history and underwent basic anthropometric measurements. Women were divided into two groups based on their hormonal status: those currently using HRT; and those who had never used HRT or ceased using HRT at least 12 months prior to the study. Achilles tendons were examined with ultrasound and categorized as normal or abnormal, and the diameter of each tendon (mm) was recorded. Active women had a greater prevalence of tendon abnormality ( P=0.10) and thicker Achilles tendons than inactive women ( P<0.05). Active women on HRT had less tendon abnormality ( P=0.056) than active women not on HRT and significantly less tendon thickness ( P<0.05). This study indicates that Achilles tendon diameter is greater in active post-menopausal women. Hormone replacement therapy appeared to ameliorate this effect in active women. A similar effect from HRT on the Achilles tendons of inactive women was not apparent.
Language eng
Field of Research 110604 Sports Medicine
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006 Blackwell Munksgaard
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007098

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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