Dietary patterns throughout adult life are associated with body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and red cell folate

McNaughton, Sarah, Mishra, Gita, Stephen, Alison and Wadsworth, Mike 2007, Dietary patterns throughout adult life are associated with body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and red cell folate, Journal of nutrition, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 99-105.


Title Dietary patterns throughout adult life are associated with body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and red cell folate
Author(s) McNaughton, Sarah
Mishra, Gita
Stephen, Alison
Wadsworth, Mike
Journal name Journal of nutrition
Volume number 137
Issue number 1
Start page 99
End page 105
Publisher Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 0022-3166
1541-6100
Summary Dietary patterns are important in the prevention of chronic disease; however, there are few studies that include repeat measures of dietary patterns. The objective of this study was to assess the relations between dietary patterns during adult life (at ages 36, 43, and 53 y) and risk factors for chronic disease at age 53 y. Participants of a longitudinal study of health completed a 5-d food diary at 3 occasions during adult life (n = 1265). Factor analysis was used to identify dietary patterns and a pattern score was calculated from the consumption of the food items in each dietary pattern. Means and 95% CI for dietary pattern scores were calculated for each risk factor category using random effects models adjusted for socio-demographic and health-related behaviors. In women, the fruit, vegetables, and dairy pattern was inversely associated with BMI (P < 0.004), waist circumference (P = 0.0007), blood pressure (P = 0.02), and was positively associated with red cell folate (P < 0.03). The ethnic foods and alcohol pattern was also inversely associated with blood pressure (P = 0.008), whereas the meat, potatoes and sweet foods pattern was positively associated with glycated hemoglobin (P = 0.01). In men, a mixed pattern was inversely associated with waist circumference (P = 0.02) and blood pressure (P = 0.01), whereas there were no significant associations with the ethnic foods and alcohol pattern. Specific dietary patterns throughout adult life were associated with chronic disease risk factors.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, American Society for Nutrition
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007106

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