Cigarette smoking is negatively associated with family average income among urban and rural men in regional Mainland China

Xu, Fei, Yin, Xiao-Mei, Zhang, Min, Ware, Robert, Leslie, Eva and Owen, Neville 2007, Cigarette smoking is negatively associated with family average income among urban and rural men in regional Mainland China, International journal of mental health addiction, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 17-23.


Title Cigarette smoking is negatively associated with family average income among urban and rural men in regional Mainland China
Author(s) Xu, Fei
Yin, Xiao-Mei
Zhang, Min
Ware, Robert
Leslie, Eva
Owen, Neville
Journal name International journal of mental health addiction
Volume number 5
Issue number 1
Start page 17
End page 23
Publisher Springer Verlag
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2007-01
ISSN 1557-1874
1557-1882
Keyword(s) China
smoking
socio-economic status
Summary Socio-economic status (SES) has a strong influence on cigarette smoking behaviour. However, as a more sensitive and realistic index of SES, family average income (FAI) has little studied regarding its association with smoking. With a response rate of 90.1%, a cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected urban-rural participants (n  = 29,353) between October of 2000 and March of 2001 in Nanjing, China. The proportion of male participants who were current smokers was 54.7%; for females it was 2.2%. After adjustment for possible confounding variables (area of residence, age, education, occupation) males in the middle (OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.69–0.84) and higher (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.57–0.71) FAI tertiles had lower odds of being smokers than did males in the lower FAI tertile. There were no differences by FAI category in the odds of being an ex-smoker. Therefore, current smoking among adult males is inversely associated with family average income in a regional Chinese population. FAI may inform the targeting of campaigns or other initiatives, particularly in populations where material prosperity is low in some social groups.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Springer Science + Business Media
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007210

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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